Failure analysis of three-piece steel aerosol cans
This paper explains how three-piece aerosol cans made from tin-plated steel are designed and manufactured, how they behave structurally, and provides information on doing failure analyses of aerosol cans. Particular emphasis is placed on the metallurgical aspects of the side-seam welding process used to create the body cylinders, the process of attaching the ends, and explains how three-piece aerosol cans made from tin-plated steel behave structurally. The paper also addresses a number of representations and conclusions presented in a paper by M. Fox and R. Hastings entitled “Pressurized 3-Piece Steel Container Explosions and Failure Mechanisms” published in the June 2003 issue of Practical Failure Analysis. Aerosol cans may fail, although not necessarily explode, by internal or external corrosion, by mechanical abuse (puncture, for example), or by being overheated. Understanding the design, manufacture, and structural behavior of these pressure vessels will aid in the formulation of conclusions as to the root causes of aerosol can failures.
Keywordsaerosol buckle burst can DOT double seam seam weld
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.2003 Aerosol Pressurized Products Survey, Consumer Specialty Products Association, Washington, DC, 2004.Google Scholar
- 2.J.F. Hanlon: Handbook of Package Engineering, McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, NY, 1971.Google Scholar
- 3.The Making, Shaping and Treating of Steel, 10th ed., W.T. Lankford, Jr., N.L. Samways, R.F. Craven, and H.E. McGannon, ed., Herbick & Held, Pittsburgh, PA, 1985, pp. 1128–66.Google Scholar
- 4.Corrosion, DOE-HDBK-1015/1-93, U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
- 5.J.F. Shackelford: Introduction to Materials Science for Engineers, 1st ed., Macmillan Publishing Company, New York, NY, 1985.Google Scholar
- 6.“Standard Specification for Tin Mill Products, General Requirements,” A 623-03, vol. 01.06, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, ASTM, W. Conshohocken, PA.Google Scholar
- 7.“Standard Specification for Tin Mill Products, Electrolytic Tin Plate, Double Reduced,” A626/A 626M-98, vol. 01.06, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, ASTM, W. Conshohocken, PA.Google Scholar
- 8.“Limited Quantities of Compressed Gases,” 49 CFR 173.306a, Code of Federal Regulations, Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC, Oct 2000.Google Scholar
- 9.Evaluating and Controlling Double Seams, 2nd ed., W. Armsdon, ed., Darex, a subsidiary of W.R. Grace & Co., Cambridge, MA, 2002.Google Scholar
- 10.“Specification 2P; InnerNon-refillable Metal Receptacles,” 49 CFR 178.33, Code of Federal Regulations, Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC, Oct 2000.Google Scholar
- 11.Steel Construction Manual of the American Institute of Steel Construction, 5th ed., American Institute of Steel Construction, New York, NY, 1959.Google Scholar
- 12.“Self-Pressurized Containers: Labeling,” 16 CFR II 1500.130, Code of Federal Regulations, Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC, June 1997.Google Scholar