Environmentally assisted cracking of a paper machine duplex stainless steel suction roll material

  • J. J. Perdomo
  • P. M. Singh
Peer Reviewed Articles

Abstract

Failure analysis of a paper machine duplex stainless steel suction roll material demonstrated that the mechanism of failure was intergranular stress-corrosion cracking followed by fatigue. Crack initiation was related to both the heat treatment of the alloy and the chloride content developed in the system during paper machine shutdowns. Crack propagation occurred during normal operating conditions by a corrosion fatigue mechanism.

Keywords

chloride corrosion fatigue duplex stainless steel stress-corrosion cracking 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    D.A. Wensley and M.D. Moskal: “Paper Machine Suction Roll Corrosion,” Corrosion, vol. 13, Metals Handbook, 9th ed., ASM International, 1987, p. 594.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    P. Lacombe, B. Baroux, and G. Beranger: “Stainless Steels,” Les Editions de Physique Les Ulis, France, 1993.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    C.B. Dahl and E.P. Neubauer: “Modern Practices Can Present Hazards to SS Suction Rolls,” Paper Trade Journal, 23 Aug 1971, p. 46.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J.B. String: “Modern Suction Roll Design and Construction,” Proc. Technical Section, CPPA, 1964, pp. D74–D79.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    R.M. Vadas: “The Suction Roll—Its Problems and Its Future,” Pulp Pap.-Canada, 1971, 72(11), p. 66.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Garner: “Suction Roll Failure in Canada,” Proc. 70th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Pulp and Paper Association, Montreal, Feb 1984, p. 36.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    F. Wooster, M. Moskal, and J. McNamee: TAPPI J., 1979, 62(9), p. 71.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    R.A. Yeske: “Fundamentals of Corrosion Control in Paper Mills,” IPST Project No. 3309, Atlanta, GA, 11 Sept 1985, pp. 5–44.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    G.J. Fonder, P.M. Singh, and J. Mahmood: “Annual Program Review Corrosion Control,” IPST Project No. F019, Atlanta, GA, 8 March 2000, p. 40.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    R.A. Yeske: “Prediction of Suction Roll Performance from Laboratory Testing,” NACE Corrosion ’86 Proceedings, Paper 147, 1986.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    D.A. Wensley: “Localized Corrosion of Stainless Steels in White Waters,” Mater. Performance, 1989, 28(11), p. 68.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    D.C. Bennet and C.J. Federowicz: “Prediction of Localized Corrosion of Stainless Steels in White Waters,” Mater. Performance, 1982, 21(4), p. 39.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    R.C. Newman: “Pitting of Stainless Steel Alloys in Sulfate Solutions Containing Thiosulfate Ions,” Corrosion, 1985, 41(8), p. 450.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    D.F. Bowers: “Corrosion in Closed White Water Systems,” TAPPI J., 1978, 61(3), p. 57.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    J.J. Perdomo, P.M. Singh, J. Mahmood, and J.E. Oteng: “Stress Corrosion Cracking and Corrosion Fatigue Cracking of a Duplex Stainless Steel in White Waters,” NACE Corrosion ’03 Proceedings, Paper 03522, 2003.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    J.J. Perdomo and P.M. Singh: “Corrosion Fatigue Behavior of a Heat Treated Duplex Stainless Steel in Paper Machine White Waters,” Corros. Rev., 2002, 20(4–5), pp. 295–316.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    S. Bernhardson: “Duplex and High Nickel Stainless Steels for Refineries and the Petroleum Industry,” NACE Corrosion ’85 Proceedings, Paper 165, 1985.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    “Corrosion-Resistant Materials,” “Stainless Steels,” ASM Metals Handbook Desk Edition, ASM International, Metals Park, OH, 1985, p. 15–6.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. J. Perdomo
    • 1
  • P. M. Singh
    • 2
  1. 1.Engineering Services DivisionSmurfit-Stone Container Co.Carol Stream
  2. 2.School of Materials Science and EngineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlanta

Personalised recommendations