Journal of Thermal Spray Technology

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 258–262 | Cite as

Surface protection of light metals by one-step laser cladding with oxide ceramics

  • S. Nowotny
  • A. Richter
  • K. Tangermann


Today, intricate problems of surface treatment can be solved through precision cladding using advanced laser technology. Metallic and carbide coatings have been produced with high-power lasers for years, and current investigations show that laser cladding is also a promising technique for the production of dense and precisely localized ceramic layers. In the present work, powders based on Al2O3 and ZrO2 were used to clad aluminum and titanium light alloys. The compact layers are up to 1 mm thick and show a nonporous cast structure as well as a homogeneous network of vertical cracks. The high adhesive strength is due to several chemical and mechanical bonding mechanisms and can exceed that of plasmasprayed coatings. Compared to thermal spray techniques, the material deposition is strictly focused onto small functional areas of the workpiece. Thus, being a precision technique, laser cladding is not recommended for large-area coatings. Examples of applications are turbine components and filigree parts of pump casings.


ceramic coating cladding laser light metals wear protection 


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Copyright information

© ASM International 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Nowotny
    • 1
  • A. Richter
    • 1
  • K. Tangermann
    • 1
  1. 1.Fraunhofer Institute for Material and Beam TechnologyDresdenGermany

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