Journal of Thermal Spray Technology

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 440–446 | Cite as

Oxidation/carbonization/nitridation and in-service mechanical property degradation of CoCrAlY coatings in land-based gas turbine blades

  • J. Kameda
  • T. E. Bloomer
  • S. Sakurai
Article

Abstract

This article describes variations in the microstructure/composition and mechanical properties in plasma sprayed CoCrAlY coatings and a modified René 80 substrate of gas turbine blades operated for 21,000 h under liquefied natural gas fuels. Substantial oxidation/carbonization occurred in the near surface region of concave coatings, but not in the convex coatings. Aluminum and nickel/titanium-rich nitrides formed in near interface coatings and substrates of concave side of blades, respectively. Small punch (SP) specimens were prepared from the different blade location to examine the variation of the mechanical properties in the coatings. In SP tests, brittle cracks in the near surface and interface coatings of the concave side easily initiated up to 950 °C. The convex coatings exhibited higher ductility than the concave coatings and substrate and showed a rapid increase in the ductility above 800 °C. Thus it is apparent that the oxidation/carbonization and nitridation in the concave coatings produced a significant loss of the ductility. The in-service degradation mechanism of the CoCrAlY coatings is discussed in light of the operating temperature distribution and compared to that of CoNiCrAlY coatings induced by grain boundary sulfidation/oxidation.

Keywords

carbonization mechanical property degradation nitridation oxidation scanning Auger microprobe small punch testing method 

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Copyright information

© ASM International 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Kameda
    • 1
  • T. E. Bloomer
    • 1
  • S. Sakurai
    • 2
  1. 1.Ames Laboratory and Center for Advanced Technology DevelopmentIowa State UniversityAmes
  2. 2.Mechanical Engineering Research LaboratoryHitachi Ltd.HitachiJapan

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