Journal of Thermal Spray Technology

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 282–289 | Cite as

Splat microstructure of plasma sprayed cast iron with different chamber pressures

  • M. F. Morks
  • Y. Tsunekawa
  • M. Okumiya
  • M. A. Shoeib
Reviewed Papers


Achieving a plasma sprayed cast iron coating containing graphite requires stringent control on spray parameters that synergistically influence the coating properties and thus the performance. The microstructure of cast iron splats greatly depends on spray parameters such as substrate temperature, chamber pressure, and spray distance. This paper presents the effect of chamber pressure on the splat microstructure, including oxides and graphite. At low chamber pressures, most splats exhibit a disk shape with high flattening ratios, whereas star-shaped splats extensively appear at high chamber pressures. Spraying at high chamber pressures causes the formation of pores and thick oxide zones at the splat/substrate interface, mainly due to the atmospheric gases, which are responsible for a decrease in splat adhesion. Spraying in Ar atmosphere reduces the splat oxidation due to a decrease in the oxygen partial pressure. Small deformed substrate ridges are observed adjacent to the periphery of splats sprayed at low chamber pressures whereas no ridges are detected at high chamber pressures. Ridge formation generates a kind of mechanical bond, which increases the adhesive strength. Since the molten droplets impinge with high velocity and thus high flattening ratio at low chamber pressures, the solidification rate becomes faster, and graphite formation is resultantly hindered.


cast iron chamber pressure graphite microstructure oxidation plasma spraying splat morphology 


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. F. Morks
    • 1
  • Y. Tsunekawa
    • 1
  • M. Okumiya
    • 1
  • M. A. Shoeib
    • 2
  1. 1.Toyota Technological InstituteNagoyaJapan
  2. 2.Central Metallurgical Research and Development InstituteCairoEgypt

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