The effect of the third body on the fretting wear behavior of coatings

  • Gui-Zhen Xu
  • Jia-Jun Liu
  • Zhong-Rong Zhon


The formation, oxidation, and agglomeration of wear debris of coatings were investigated in this study. The rheology of the third body and its influence on the fretting wear behavior were studied in depth and systemically. The results showed that the shape and nature of the debris were the essential factors determining the mobility of the third body. All factors that could make the debris layer or third body remain on the contact surfaces would decrease the friction coefficient and fretting wear. The soft and large plate-like debris particles were apt to remain in the contact region. Conversely, the hard and sphereshaped debris particles tended to be squeezed from the contact surfaces and to increase the fretting wear.


fretting wear behavior rheology third body 


  1. 1.
    R.B. Waterhouse: Fretting Corrosion, Pergamon, Oxford, London, 1972.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R.B. Waterhouse: Fretting Fatigue, Applied Science, London, 1981.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H.-S. Shao and J.-X. Qu: Friction and Wear, Pub. Coal Industry Press, Beijing, 1992, pp. 134–67 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    P.L. Hurricks: “The Mechanism of Fretting—A Review,” Wear, 1970, 15, pp. 389–409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    R.E. Pendlebury: “Formation, Readhesion and Escape of Wear Particles in Fretting and Sliding Wear in Inert and Oxidizing Environments,” Wear, 1988, 125, pp. 3–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Iwabuchi: “The Role of Oxide Particles in the Fretting Wear of Mild Steel,” Wear, 1991, 151, pp. 301–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    T.J. Benham, E.R. Leheup, and J.R. Moon: “The Effect of Debris Chemistry on the Debris Formation and Fretting Behavior of Mild Steel in CO2 Containing Oxygen and Water Vapour,” Wear, 1994, 177, pp. 195–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    H. Fan, L.M. Keer, and W. Cheng: “Competition Between Fatigue Crack Propagation and Wear,” J. Tribology, 1993, 115, pp. 141–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Fayeulle, A.B. Vannes, and L. Vincent: “First Body Behavior before Debris Formation” in Wear Particles, D. Dowson et al., ed., Science Publishers B.V., 1992, pp. 229–35.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    T. Kayaba and A. Iwabuchi: “Effects of the Hardness of Hardened Steels and the Action of Oxides on Fretting Wear,” Wear, 1981, 66, pp. 27–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    C. Colombie, Y. Berthier, A. Floquet, and L. Vincent: “Fretting: Load Carrying Capacity of Wear Debris,” J. Tribology, 1984, 106, pp. 194–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. Iwabuchi, K. Hori, and H. Kudo: “The Effects of Temperature, Pre-Oxidation and Pre-Sliding on the Transition from Severe Wear to Mild Wear for S45C Carbon Steel and SUS304 Stainless Steel” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Wear of Materials, 1987, ASME, New York, 1987, p. 211.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Godet: “The Third-Body Approach: A Mechanical View of Wear,” Wear, 1984, 100, pp. 437–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J.-S. Shun: Wear of Metal, Metallurgical Industry Press, Beijing, 1992, pp. 223–45 (in Chinese).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gui-Zhen Xu
    • 1
  • Jia-Jun Liu
    • 1
  • Zhong-Rong Zhon
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. of Mechanical EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Tribology Research InstituteSouthwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations