Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 103–109 | Cite as

The effect of thermal barrier coated piston crown on engine characteristics

  • S. H. Chan
  • K. A. Khor


While there have been numerous research papers in recent years describing the theoretical benefits obtained from the use of ceramic components in reciprocating engines, the amount of literature that describes practical results is very limited. Although successes have been reported and ceramic components are now in service in production engines, mainly for reduced in-cylinder heat rejection, many researchers have experienced failures or a drop in engine performance. This article presents the work completed on a low heat rejection engine. Extensive experiments were conducted on a three-cylinder SI Daihatsu engine with piston crowns coated with a layer of ceramic, which consisted of yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ). Measurement and comparison of engine performance, in particular fuel consumption, were made before and after the application of YSZ coatings deposited onto the piston crowns. The details of the cylinder pressures during the combustion process were also investigated.


automotive tests low heat rejection partially stabilized ZrO2 thermal barrier coatings thermal engine tests ZrO2-8%Y2O3 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    C.C.J. French: “Ceramics in Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines,” SAE Paper No. 841135, SAE, Warrendale, PA, 1984.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    C.H. Moore and J.L. Hoehne: “Combustion Chamber Insulation Effect on the Performance of a Low Heat Rejection Cummins V-903 Engine,” SAE Paper No. 860317, SAE, Warrendale, PA, 1986.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R.A. Churchill, J.E. Smith, N.N. Clark, and R.A. Turton: “Low Heat Rejection Engines—A Concept Review,” SAE Paper No. 880014, SAE, Warrendale, PA, 1988.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    D.H. Harris and J. Lutz: “Thermal Barrier Coatings—Technology for Diesel Engines,” SAE Paper No. 880437, SAE, Warrendale, PA, 1988.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    C.S. Reddy, N. Domingo, and R.L. Graves: “Low Heat Rejection Engine Research Status: Where Do We Go from Here?” SAE Paper No. 900620, SAE, Warrendale, PA, 1990.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    T.M. Yonushonis: J. Thermal Spray Technol., 1997, vol. 6 (1), pp. 50–56.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    V. Sudhakar: “Performance Analysis of Adiabatic Engine,” SAE Paper No. 840431, SAE, Warrendale, PA, 1984.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    D. Assanis, K. Wiese, E. Schwarz, and W. Bryzik: “The Effects of Ceramic Coatings on Diesel Engine Performance and Exhaust Emissions,” SAE Paper No. 910460, SAE, Warrendale, PA, 1991.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Kimura, Y. Matsui, and T. Itoh: “Effects of Combustion Chamber Insulation on the Heat Rejection and Thermal Efficiency of Diesel Engines,” SAE Paper No. 920543, SAE, Warrendale, PA, 1992.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    E. Scharwz, M. Reid, W. Bryzik, and E. Danielson: “Combustion and Performance Characteristics of a Low Heat Rejection Engine,” SAE Paper No. 930988, SAE, Warrendale, PA, 1993.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    R.M. Frank and J.B. Heywood: “The Effect of Piston Temperature on Hydrocarbon Emissions from a Spark-Ignited Direct-Injection Engine,” SAE Paper No. 910558, SAE, Warrendale, PA, 1991.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    J.T. Wentworth: “More on Origins of Exhaust Hydrocarbons—Effects of Zero Oil Consumption, Deposit Location, and Surface Roughness,” SAE Paper No. 920939, SAE, Warrendale, PA, 1992.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    M.H. Haselkorn: J. Thermal Spray Technol., 1995, vol. 4.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Chan
    • 1
  • K. A. Khor
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Mechanical and Production EngineeringNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore

Personalised recommendations