Chinese Science Bulletin

, Volume 50, Issue 16, pp 1751–1756 | Cite as

Characteristics of U-pattern distribution of highconcentration 210Pb in surface air at central Guizhou, China

  • Guojiang Wan
  • Wei Yang
  • Wang Shilu
  • Enyuan Wan
  • Fengchang Wu
  • S. N. Lee
  • Changsheng Wang
  • Ronggui Huang
Articles
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

A better understanding of the variation of 210Pb concentrations in the surface air is the key to trace lake sedimentation and catchment erosion, to establish and validate the global diffusion model of contaminants, and to assess the impact of natural radiation on the ecological system. Basing on the study progresses of the sedimentation, the atmospheric model and the unique environmental background in the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, and starting from December 20, 2001, we made use of a 500 NE Type aerosol sampler to collect filter samples, once a week in the past consecutive two years, in the surface air at Mt. Guanfeng, Guiyang City, China. Synchronous detailed γ-energy spectrometric observations of 210Pb concentrations at both Chinese and U.S. laboratories have shown that the average monthly 210Pb concentration displays a regular U-patterns distribution of annual variations, with high values appearing in winter and low values in late spring and summer. The average annual 210Pb concentrations are estimated to be 2.77±0.63 mBq/m3, about 4 times the average maximum concentrations reported from quite a number of monitoring stations throughout the world. The possible factors affecting the sources of 210Pb in the surface air in the central part of Guizhou Province are: Release of 222Rn from the U-Ra series enriched in the soils; chemical weathering of carbonate rocks; the exploitation, processing and utilization of coal and phosphorous resources. The principal factor controlling the high 210Pb concentrations in the surface air in the central Guizhou and their annual U-pattern distribution is the release of 222Rn. The average monthly 210Pb concentrations show a good negative powerfunction relationship with increasing precipitation and also show a good negative linear-function relationship with the rise of air temperature in month grouping. Group No.1 (June to November) reflects a relatively low release of 222Rn from soils in relatively high temperature seasons; Group No.2 (December to May) mirrors a relatively high release of 222Rn from soils in relatively low temperature seasons. The average monthly 210Pb concentrations simulated in terms of the precipitation and air temperature are in good consistency with the measured values, revealing that the regular U-pattern distribution characteristics of 210Pb concentrations in the surface air in the central Guizhou are controlled predominantly by regional precipitation and air temperature. Meanwhile, it is also indicated that the magnitude of variation of air temperature and precipitation within the same year also constrains the ratio of high values over low values of average monthly 210Pb concentrations. On a month time scale, precipitation and air temperature are a main factor affecting the release of 222Rn from soils (rocks). In this aspect strong evidence has been obtained.

Keywords

210Pb concentration in surface air U-pattern in annual distribution central Guizhou 

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Copyright information

© Science in China Press 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guojiang Wan
    • 1
  • Wei Yang
    • 1
  • Wang Shilu
    • 1
  • Enyuan Wan
    • 1
  • Fengchang Wu
    • 1
  • S. N. Lee
    • 2
  • Changsheng Wang
    • 1
  • Ronggui Huang
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Environmental GeochemistryChinese Academy of SciencesGuiyangChina
  2. 2.Department of Homeland SecurityEnvironmental Measurements LaboratoryNYUSA

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