Science in China Series C: Life Sciences

, Volume 45, Issue 1, pp 21–32 | Cite as

Forest ecosystem services of changbai mountain in china

  • Wu Gang 
  • Xiao Han 
  • Zhao Jingzhu 
  • Shao Guofan 
  • Li Jing 
Article
  • 61 Downloads

Abstract

The forest ecosystem of the Changbai Mountain is the most typical upland temperate forest ecosystem in eastern Asia. It is also of the most primitive vegetation type that came into being through the natural succession of soil and vegetation following volcanic eruption. The forest ecosystem has great importance for maintaining the structures and functions of the watershed ecosystems of the Songhua River, the Yalu River and the Tumen River. We combined physical assessment method (PAM) with the value assessment method (VAM) to evaluate the forest ecosystem services of the northern slope of the, including eco-tourism, forest by-products, timber, soil and water conservation, air purification, and the recycling of nutritive elements. We also assessed the integrated forest ecosystem service and analyzed its dynamics. The service value provided by the Changbai Mountain forest ecosystem amounts up to RMB 3.38 × 1012 yuan, of which, water conservation is 66%, water conservation and air purification together make up 80%, while the timber value is only 7%. Therefore, developing the ecosystem services besides timber is the best way to exert the integrated value of the forest ecosystem services of Changbai Mountain.

Keywords

ecosystem services physical assessment value assessment Changbai Mountain forest ecosystem 

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Copyright information

© Science in China Press 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wu Gang 
    • 1
  • Xiao Han 
    • 1
  • Zhao Jingzhu 
    • 1
  • Shao Guofan 
    • 2
  • Li Jing 
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Systems Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental SciencesChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of Forestry and Natural ResourcesPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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