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Chinese Science Bulletin

, Volume 48, Issue 8, pp 709–717 | Cite as

Gene cloning and molecular breeding to improve fiber qualities in cotton

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Abstract

Cotton fiber is one of known natural resources comprising the highest purity cellulose. It plays an important role worldwide in the textile industry. With the acceleration of spinning speeds and the improvement of the people’s living level, the demand of improving cotton fiber qualities is getting stronger and stronger. So, making clear the developmental model of fiber cell and elucidating systematically the molecular mechanisms of cotton fiber development and regulation will produce a great significance to make full use of cotton gene resources, raise cotton yield and improve fiber quality, and even develop man-made fiber. In the paper, the status of the gene cloning and the molecular breeding to improve cotton fiber quality were reviewed, the importance and potential of gene cloning related with cotton fiber quality were put forward and the proposal and prospect on fiber quality improvement were made. Using national resources available and through the creative exploration in corresponding research, some international leading patents in genes or markers linked with cotton fiber development having Chinese own intellectual property should be licensed quickly. And they can be used to improve cotton fiber quality in cotton breeding practice.

Keywords

cotton fiber quality QTLs cloning molecular breeding 

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Copyright information

© Science in China Press 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics & Germplasm Enhancement, Cotton Research InstituteNanjing Agricultural UniversityNanjingChina

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