Chinese Science Bulletin

, Volume 47, Issue 5, pp 434–440 | Cite as

The reconstruction of fossil planation surface in China

  • Jinliang Feng
  • Zhijiu Cui


On the basis of results of relative subjects, the fossil planation surface has been discussed by the authors from the point of geomorphologic view. The discussion contents included the characteristic information, research methods, paleotopography (gradient and altitude) and other problems about fossil planation surface. The recognition and reconstruction of fossil planation surface mainly rely on the following characteristic information: (i) the character of erosion unconformity surface; (ii) the paleo-weathering crust and residual deposits; (iii) the paleo-karst and filled deposit in the paleo-karst under the unconformity surface, and (iv) the character and environment of sediment above the unconformity surface. According to the above-mentioned characteristic information, the authors recognized and reconstructed two stages of fossil planation surface on Paleo-land of North China and Yangtze Paleo-land. These two fossil planation surfaces formed from Middle Ordovician to Lower Carboniferous and from Lower Permian to Upper Permian respectively. The paleo-gradient of fossil planation surface changed within 0.31‰–1.32‰, mostly less than 1.0‰ According to the developing depth of paleo-karst, the authors considered that in Suqiao buried-hill region of Paleo-land of North China, the paleo-altitude is 300 m or so above paleo-sea-level. The authors hope that the research is in favor of discussion about rising scale and process of the Tibetan Plateau. Besides, the research of fossil planation surface can provide a theoretical base for relative research, such as the reconstruction of paleoenvironment, the evolution and drift of paleo-continent, the formation and distribution of weathering ore deposits, the reservior and prospection of oil and gas, etc.


fossil planation surface characteristic information paleotopography reconstruction 


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Copyright information

© Science in China Press 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jinliang Feng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhijiu Cui
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Urban and Environmental SciencesPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Institute of GeographyHebei Academy of SciencesShijiazhuangChina

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