, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 345–372 | Cite as

Child care availability and first-birth timing in Norway

  • Ronald R. Rindfuss
  • David Guilkey
  • S. Philip Morgan
  • Øystein Kravdal
  • Karen Benjamin Guzzo


Both sociological and economic theories posit that widely available, high-quality, and affordable child care should have pronatalist effects. Yet to date, the empirical evidence has not consistently supported this hypothesis. We argue that this previous empirical work has been plagued by the inability to control for endogenous placement of day care centers and the possibility that people migrate to take advantage of the availability of child care facilities. Using Norwegian register data and a statistically defensible fixed-effects model, we find strong positive effects of day care availability on the transition to motherhood.


Child Care Female Labor Force Participation Child Care Center Care Availability Child Care Cost 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Population Association of America 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald R. Rindfuss
    • 1
    • 2
  • David Guilkey
    • 3
  • S. Philip Morgan
    • 4
  • Øystein Kravdal
    • 5
  • Karen Benjamin Guzzo
    • 6
  1. 1.Sociology Department, University of North CarolinaNorway
  2. 2.East-West CenterUSA
  3. 3.Economics DepartmentUniversity of North CarolinaUSA
  4. 4.Department of SociologyDuke UniversityUSA
  5. 5.Economics DepartmentUniversity of OsloUSA
  6. 6.Population Studies CenterUniversity of PennsylvaniaUSA

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