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Clays and Clay Minerals

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 609–623 | Cite as

Modeling Arsenate Competitive Adsorption on Kaolinite, Montmorillonite and Illite

  • Bruce A. Manning
  • S. Goldberg
Article

Abstract

The adsorption of arsenate (As(V)) on kaolinite, montmorillonite and illite was investigated at varying pH and competing anion concentration while holding As(V) concentration (6.7 × 10−7M), clay suspension density (2.5 g L−1) and ionic strength (0.1 M NaCl) constant. The effects of 2 concentrations of phosphate (P) or molybdate (Mo) (6.7 × 10−7 and 6.7 × 10−6M) on As(V) adsorption envelopes (adsorption vs. pH) gave evidence for direct competitive adsorption (in the case of As(V) + P) and possibly site-specific non-competitive adsorption (As(V) + Mo). Distinct As(V) adsorption maxima occurred at approximately pH 5.0 for kaolinite, 6.0 for montmorillonite and 6.5 for illite, and ranged from 0.15 to 0.22 mmol As(V) kg−1. When both As(V) and P were present at equimolar concentrations (6.7 × 10−7M), As(V) adsorption decreased slightly, whereas As(V) adsorption substantially decreased in binary As(V)/P systems when the P concentration was 6.7 × 10−6M, which was 10 times greater than As(V). The presence of Mo at equimolar (6.7 × 10−7 M) and 10 times greater (6.7 × 10−6M) concentrations than As(V) caused only slight decreases in As(V) adsorption because the Mo adsorption maximum occurred at pH < 4. The constant capacitance surface complexation model was applied to As(V) and P adsorption data and was used to predict As(V) adsorption at varying P concentrations. The model gave reasonable descriptions of As(V) adsorption on the 3 clay minerals at varying pH and in the presence of a competing oxyanion (P), indicating that surface complexation modeling may be useful in predicting As(V) adsorption in soils.

Key Words

Arsenate competitive adsorption Illite Kaolinite Montmorillonite 

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Copyright information

© The Clay Minerals Society 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruce A. Manning
    • 1
  • S. Goldberg
    • 1
  1. 1.USDA-ARS, U.S. Salinity LaboratoryRiversideUSA

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