Growth of an ovarian cell line of Galleria mellonelia and its response to immune-inducing factors

  • Robert J. Zakarian
  • Gary B. Dunphy
  • Jean-Marie Quiot
Articles Cell Growth/Differentiation/Apoptosis


Antibacterial proteins are produced in the reproductive tracts of some insect species. The advent of a pupal ovarian cell line of the lepidopteran Galleria mellonella offered an opportunity for exploring the use of ovarian tissue culture to induce antimicrobial proteins in lieu of the larvae. The ovarian cell growth rates and cell yields were maximized by ajdusting Grace's medium to pH 6.5 adding 15% (v/v) qualified heat-inactivated fetal calf serum, and lowering the sucrose concentration to 9.3 g/L. Five cell forms and biochemical profiles of the collective cell types were analyzed throughout the culture growth cycle. The final modified culture, medium did not affect morphogenesis, whereas it increased the cultured growth rate by 50% and the final cell yield threefold. The molting and immunoprotein-inducing hormone, 20-hydroxyecdysone, increased culture growth rate and altered the levels of cell types A and D. Neither 20-hydroxyecdysone nor the larval immunizing agents, apolipophorin-III or Bacillus subtilis, in combination or alone, induced antibacterial activity. The bacterium did induce immunity in both larval and adult stages.

Key words

ovarian morphogenesis apolipophorin III 20-hydroxyecdysone Galleria 


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Copyright information

© Society for In Vitro Biology 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert J. Zakarian
    • 1
  • Gary B. Dunphy
    • 1
  • Jean-Marie Quiot
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Natural Resource SciencesMcGill UniversitySte Anne de BellevueCanada
  2. 2.La Pougarde F30380Saint-Christol-Les-AlesFrance

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