Association Between Patient Satisfaction and Short-Term Outcomes After Major Cancer Surgery
The aim of this study was to investigate whether patient satisfaction, as measured by the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey, is associated with short-term outcomes after major cancer surgery.
Materials and Methods
We first used national Medicare claims to identify patients who underwent a major extirpative cancer surgery from 2011 to 2013. Next, we used Hospital Compare data to assign the HCAHPS score to the hospital where the patient underwent surgery. We then performed univariate statistical analyses and fit multilevel logistic regression models to evaluate the relationship between excellent patient satisfaction and short-term cancer surgery outcomes for all surgery types combined and then by each individual surgery type.
We identified 373,692 patients who underwent major cancer surgery for one of nine cancers at 2617 hospitals. In both unadjusted and adjusted analyses, hospitals with higher proportions of patients reporting excellent satisfaction had lower complication rates (p < 0.001), readmissions (p < 0.001), mortality (p < 0.001), and prolonged length of stay (p < 0.001) than hospitals with lower proportions of satisfied patients, but with modest differences. This finding held true broadly across individual cancer types for complications, mortality, and prolonged length of stay, but less so for readmissions.
Hospital-wide excellent patient satisfaction scores are associated with short-term outcomes after major cancer surgery overall, but are modest in magnitude.
David C. Miller and Deborah R. Kaye received the support from National Cancer Institute (Grant Nos. 1-R01-CA-174768-01-A1 and 5-T32-CA-180984-03).
Dr. Miller receives salary support from Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan for his work in the Michigan Value Collaborative and as director of the Michigan Urological Surgery Improvement Collaborative. Dr. Ellimoottil receives salary support for his role as the director of analytics for the Michigan Value Collaborative.
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