Usefulness of Surgical Apgar Score on Predicting Survival After Surgery for Gastric Cancer
Complete surgical resection is essential for a cure for most gastric cancer. Recently it was reported that surgical Apgar score (SAS) can predict postoperative complication and that postoperative complication is associated with poor long-term survival. The aim of this study is to assess whether SAS can predict overall survival (OS) after surgery for gastric cancer.
We retrospectively compared clinicopathological characteristics and survival between high and low SAS score groups in patients who underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer.
Low-scored SAS group (group L) was significantly more common among ASA-PS 2, open approach, total gastrectomy, D2 lymph node dissection, postoperative complication grade 2–4, deep tumor invasion, lymph node metastases, and advanced pathological TNM stage than high-scored SAS group (group H). The 5-year OS of group H and group L were 81.6 and 55.9 %, respectively (p < .001); OS of group L tended to be poorer than that of group H in stage III patients (p = .060) and in stage IV patients (p < .001). In multivariate analysis, pathological stage and SAS were identified as independent predictors for OS.
SAS is useful for predicting survival after surgery for gastric cancer.
KeywordsGastric Cancer Overall Survival Anesthetic Management Japanese Gastric Cancer Treatment Guideline Severe Diabetes Mellitus
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