Annals of Surgical Oncology

, Volume 22, Issue 10, pp 3241–3249 | Cite as

Overall Survival, Disease-Free Survival, Local Recurrence, and Nipple–Areolar Recurrence in the Setting of Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review

  • Lucy De La Cruz
  • Alison M. Moody
  • Erryn E. Tappy
  • Stephanie A. Blankenship
  • Eric M. Hecht
Breast Oncology

Abstract

Background

Nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) is an increasingly common procedure; however, concerns exist regarding its oncological safety due to the potential for residual breast tissue to harbor occult malignancy or future cancer.

Methods

A systematic literature review was performed. Studies with internal comparison arms evaluating therapeutic NSM versus skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM) and/or modified radical mastectomy (MRM) were included in a meta-analysis of overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and local recurrence (LR). Studies lacking comparison arms were only included in the systematic review to evaluate mean OS, DFS, LR, and nipple–areolar recurrence (NAR).

Results

The search yielded 851 articles. Twenty studies with 5594 patients met selection criteria. The meta-analysis included eight studies with comparison arms. Seven studies that compared OS found a 3.4 % risk difference between NSM and MRM/SSM, five studies that compared DFS found a 9.6 % risk difference between NSM and MRM/SSM, and eight studies that compared LR found a 0.4 % risk difference between NSM and MRM/SSM. Risk differences for all outcomes were not statistically significant. The systematic review included all 20 studies and evaluated OS, DFS, LR, and NAR. Studies with follow-up intervals of <3 years, 3–5 years, and >5 years had mean OS of 97.2, 97.9, and 86.8 %; DFS of 93.1, 92.3, and 76.1 %; LR of 5.4, 1.4, and 11.4 %; and NAR of 2.1, 1.0, and 3.4 %, respectively.

Conclusions

This study did not detect adverse oncologic outcomes of NSM in carefully selected women with early-stage breast cancer. Use of prospective data registries, notably the Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy Registry, will add clarity to this important clinical question.

Keywords

Overall Survival Local Recurrence Invasive Ductal Carcinoma Nipple Risk Difference 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This manuscript includes preliminary data presented at the 16th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Breast Surgeons, and incorporates additional analyses that have undergone peer review. The authors would like to thank Dr. Beth-Ann Lesnikoski for reviewing our initial abstract presented at the meeting.

Author Contribution

Lucy De La Cruz conceptualized and designed the project. Eric Hecht, Stephanie Blankenship, Alison Moody, and Erryn Tappy drafted the initial manuscript. All authors reviewed, revised, and approved the final manuscript as submitted and agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work.

Disclosures

No external funding was secured for this study. Lucy De La Cruz, Alison M. Moody, Erryn E. Tappy, Stephanie A. Blankenship, and Eric M. Hecht have no financial relationships or conflicts of interest to disclose that are relevant to this article.

Supplementary material

10434_2015_4739_MOESM1_ESM.docx (85 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 85 kb)

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Copyright information

© Society of Surgical Oncology 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lucy De La Cruz
    • 1
  • Alison M. Moody
    • 2
  • Erryn E. Tappy
    • 2
  • Stephanie A. Blankenship
    • 2
  • Eric M. Hecht
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryUniversity of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA
  2. 2.University of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA
  3. 3.Department of Public Health SciencesUniversity of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA

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