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Annals of Surgical Oncology

, Volume 22, Issue 5, pp 1658–1663 | Cite as

Morbidity of the Abdominal Wall Resection and Reconstruction After Cytoreductive Surgery and Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC)

  • Maria F. Nunez
  • Armando Sardi
  • Carol Nieroda
  • William Jimenez
  • Michelle Sittig
  • Ryan MacDonald
  • Nail Aydin
  • Vladimir Milovanov
  • Vadim Gushchin
Gastrointestinal Oncology

Abstract

Background

CRS/HIPEC has evolved as a therapeutic option for selected patients with peritoneal surface malignancies. To achieve complete cytoreduction (CC), some patients require extensive abdominal-wall resection (AWR) and subsequent complex reconstructions, which may be associated with wound complications (WC) and delay of postoperative cancer therapy.

Methods

Review of a prospective database of 350 patients revealed 213 patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis who underwent AWR due to suspected or proven wound/port site metastases during CRS/HIPEC. Tumor origin included: appendix, colon, ovarian, peritoneal mesothelioma, primary peritoneal, and others. WC were related to peritoneal carcinomatosis index (PCI), CC score, length of surgery, type of AWR and closure, blood transfusion, and albumin levels using binary logistic regression (odds ratios (OR) and 95 % CIs) analysis.

Results

PCI ≥ 20 was found in 151 (71 %), CC was achieved in 178 (84 %). Mean length of surgery was 613 min. Postoperative WC were detected in 49 of 213 (23 %) patients, 13 (6 %) had Grade III (according to Clavien–Dindo’s classification) WC, and led to delay of postoperative chemotherapy. WC occurred in 21 of 64 (32.8 %) patients with excision of port sites (odds ratio [OR] = 2.11, confidence interval [CI] = 1.09–4.10, p = 0.026). Primary fascial closure was performed in 191 of 213 (89.7 %) patients, 40 (21 %) of whom had WC. Mesh-assisted abdominal wall reconstruction was required in 22 of 213 (10.3 %) patients, of whom 9 (40.9 %) had WC (OR = 2.61, CI = 1.04–6.55, p = 0.035).

Conclusions

Port-site excision and mesh-assisted abdominal wall reconstruction were associated with higher incidence of postoperative WC following CRS/HIPEC. The implications of these preliminary findings may need to be considered during surgical planning for these patients.

Keywords

Peritoneal Carcinomatosis Wound Complication Port Site Peritoneal Cancer Index Complete Cytoreduction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Disclosure

The authors declare that there is no financial or commercial interest in the present study.

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Copyright information

© Society of Surgical Oncology 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria F. Nunez
    • 1
  • Armando Sardi
    • 1
  • Carol Nieroda
    • 1
  • William Jimenez
    • 1
  • Michelle Sittig
    • 1
  • Ryan MacDonald
    • 1
  • Nail Aydin
    • 1
  • Vladimir Milovanov
    • 1
  • Vadim Gushchin
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Cancer Care at Mercy Medical CenterBaltimoreUSA

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