Ovarian Metastasis Is Associated with Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Relapses in Women Treated for Colorectal Peritoneal Carcinomatosis
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To analyze the patterns of recurrence and the prognostic impact of ovarian metastases (OM) in a population of women with colorectal peritoneal carcinomatosis (CRPC) treated with curative intent.
Data from all consecutive women with CRPC who underwent curatively intended complete cytoreductive surgery (CRS) plus intraperitoneal chemotherapy at our institution were retrieved from a prospective database. A bilateral oophorectomy or a complementary unilateral oophorectomy was systematically performed during CRS.
From 1994 to 2009, among 105 women who underwent CRS plus intraperitoneal chemotherapy for CRPC, 62 (60 %) had OM. Women with and without OM had comparable peritoneal cancer index (PCI) scores (10 vs. 12, respectively, p = 0.09). After a median follow-up of 60 (range 5–145) months, median overall survival of women with OM did not differ statistically from that of women without OM (respectively, 36 and 40 months; p = 0.75). Relapses occurred in 82 % of the patients, distributed similarly between the two groups except for retroperitoneal lymph node recurrence, which occurred in 19 patients (18 %), including 18 with OM. The only predictive factor for a retroperitoneal relapse was a history of OM (p = 0.0012).
Retroperitoneal lymph node recurrence seems to be linked to OM originating from colorectal cancer and could worsen the prognosis. A systematic lymphadenectomy could be evaluated in women with isolated OM or very limited peritoneal carcinomatosis to analyze the incidence of invaded lymph nodes and study its potential benefit on survival.
KeywordsPeritoneal Carcinomatosis Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy Peritoneal Cancer Index Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Positron Emission Tomographic
The authors acknowledge Lorna Saint-Ange for her editing work.