1 or 2 cm Margins of Excision for T2 Melanomas: Do They Impact Recurrence or Survival?
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NCCN guidelines recommend 1 or 2 cm margins for melanomas 1–2 mm (T2 melanomas) in depth; however, no head-to-head comparison has been performed. We hypothesized 1- or 2-cm margins would have similar local recurrence (LR) and overall survival (OS).
An institutional database was queried for patients with 1.0–2.0 mm melanomas treated from July 1995 to January 2011. All had wide excision and sentinel lymph node biopsy. Patients without documented surgical margins or follow-up were excluded. Clinicopathologic and recurrence data were reviewed. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed.
Of 2,118 patients, 1,225 met study criteria. Of these, 576 had complete data: 224 (38.9 %) had 1 cm margins and 352 (61.1 %), 2 cm margins. Median follow-up was 38 months. Mean age was 52.6 years (range 11.3–86.7). Mean thickness was 1.27 and 1.48 mm (1 and 2 cm, respectively, p < 0.001) with ulceration more common in the 2 cm group (12.3 and 21.3 %, respectively; p = 0.009). LR was 3.6 and 0.9 % in the 1 cm versus 2 cm group, respectively (p = 0.044). OS was 29.1 months with 1 cm and 43.7 months in the 2 cm group. On multivariate analysis, only head and neck location and nodal status were associated with overall survival.
In this series, 1 cm margins were associated with a small increase in LR that did not impact OS. This is concordant with the NCCN recommendations; however, a prospective, randomized trial would be optimal.
KeywordsMelanoma Overall Survival National Comprehensive Cancer Network National Comprehensive Cancer Network Wide Local Excision
Thank you to Josh Josephs, MD/PhD Candidate, Class of 2012, Emory University School of Medicine and to Jeff Weaver, Emory University for data extraction.
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