Association of FANCC and PTCH1 with the Development of Early Dysplastic Lesions of the Head and Neck
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Alteration of chromosome 9q22.3 region is an early and frequent event in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). The aim of this study was to understand the association of candidate tumor suppressor genes PHF2, FANCC, PTCH1, and XPA located in this region in the development of HNSCC.
The alterations (deletion, promoter methylation, mutation, expression) of these genes were analyzed in 65 dysplastic head and neck lesions and 84 primary HNSCC samples. Clinicopathologic correlations were made with alterations of the genes.
Overall alterations (deletion, promoter methylation) of FANCC and PTCH1 were high in mild dysplasia and comparable in subsequent stages of tumor progression. However, PHF2 alteration was low in mild dysplasia, but increased in moderate and severe dysplasias. Alterations (deletion, promoter methylation) of FANCC and PTCH1 showed association with each other. Two novel mutations in GLI binding sites of PTCH1 promoter and a novel microsatellite marker hmPTCH1 with four alleles at immediate upstream of the gene were identified. In a case-control study, the (CGG)7 allele of hmPTCH1 was found to be susceptible for HNSCC development. Concordance was seen in the expression (RNA, protein) of these genes with their molecular alterations.
Alterations of FANCC and PTCH1 could be used as molecular marker for early diagnosis and prognosis of HNSCC.
KeywordsBasal Cell Carcinoma Fanconi Anemia Dysplastic Lesion Mild Dysplasia Neck Lesion
We thank the director of Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, Kolkata, India. Financial support for this work was provided by grants from DST (SR/SO/BB-22/2003 dt. 02.11.04) and DBT (BT/PR/5524/Med/14/649/2004 of dt. 29.11.2005), Government of India, to C.K.P. and S.R.; CSIR-JRF/NET fellowship grant (2-56/2002(I) EU.II) to A.G.; and UGC-NET fellowship grant (F.2-3/2000 (SA-I)) to S.G.
Conflicts of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.
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