Annals of Surgical Oncology

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 967–972 | Cite as

TGM2 Is a Novel Marker for Prognosis and Therapeutic Target in Colorectal Cancer

  • Norikatsu Miyoshi
  • Hideshi Ishii
  • Koshi Mimori
  • Fumiaki Tanaka
  • Toshiki Hitora
  • Mitsuyoshi Tei
  • Mitsugu Sekimoto
  • Yuichiro Doki
  • Masaki Mori
Colorectal Cancer



Transglutaminase 2 (TGM2) plays a role in cell growth and survival through the antiapoptosis signaling pathway.


We analyzed TGM2 gene expression in 91 paired cases of colorectal cancer (CRC) and noncancerous regions and seven CRC cell lines to demonstrate the importance of TGM2 expression for the prediction of prognosis of CRC. TGM2 expression was higher in CRC tissue than in corresponding normal tissue by real-time reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction (P = .015).


Patients in the high TGM2 expression group showed a poorer overall survival rate than those in the low expression group (P = .001), indicating that the increase in TGM2 expression was an independent prognostic factor. TGM2 was also expressed in the seven CRC cell lines. The in vitro proliferation assay showed that TGM2 expression is involved with tumor growth.


The present study suggests that TGM2 is useful as a predictive marker for patient prognosis and may be a novel therapeutic target for CRC.


Lymphatic Invasion High Expression Group Tumor Marker Carcinoembryonic Antigen TGM2 Expression Noncancerous Region 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Supplementary material

10434_2009_865_MOESM1_ESM.eps (651 kb)
Fig. S1 siRNA inhibition of TGM2 in 4 colorectal cancer cell lines. The suppression of TGM2 expression was confirmed by real-time reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction, and the reduction was significant compared with NC (P < .05, Student’s t-test) in the 4 cell lines (A, HT-29; B, HCT116; C, KM12SM; D, LoVo). NC, negative control (eps 652 kb)


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Copyright information

© Society of Surgical Oncology 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norikatsu Miyoshi
    • 1
  • Hideshi Ishii
    • 1
    • 2
  • Koshi Mimori
    • 2
  • Fumiaki Tanaka
    • 2
  • Toshiki Hitora
    • 1
  • Mitsuyoshi Tei
    • 1
  • Mitsugu Sekimoto
    • 1
  • Yuichiro Doki
    • 1
  • Masaki Mori
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Gastroenterological SurgeryOsaka University Graduate School of MedicineOsakaJapan
  2. 2.Division of Molecular and Surgical Oncology, Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Medical Institute of BioregulationKyushu UniversityOhitaJapan

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