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Annals of Surgical Oncology

, 11:219 | Cite as

Perioperative Morbidity and Mortality in Elderly Gynecological Oncological Patients (≥70 Years) by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status Classes

  • Raffaella Giannice
  • Elvira Foti
  • Antonella Poerio
  • Elisabetta Marana
  • Salvatore Mancuso
  • Giovanni Scambia
Original Articles

Abstract

Background: We evaluated the morbidity and mortality associated with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classes III and IV versus ASA classes I and II in elderly women (≥70 years) undergoing gynecological oncological surgery.

Methods: From 1986 to 2000, we retrospectively collected patients ≥70 years of age undergoing oncological gynecological surgery. The study population consisted of 121 ASA class III and IV patients. The control group consisted of the same number of patients with ASA classes I and II, and these were matched to study patients (1:1) by clinical and surgical data. The morbidity and mortality of patients with ASA status III and IV were analyzed before and after 1992.

Results: In ASA class III and IV patients, compared with ASA class I and II, a higher rate of severe morbidity (P = .000) occurred, whereas the median postoperative stay was similar (8 days). No differences between patients with ASA class III and IV and ASA class I and II for median operative time, transfusion rate, or median blood loss were found. Mortality was 3% in ASA classes III and IV.

Conclusions: Our study suggests that surgery in elderly gynecological oncological patients aged ≥70 years with ASA class III or IV results in an acceptable perioperative morbidity and mortality rate.

Key Words

Elderly patients Morbidity Mortality Gynecological cancer Oncological surgery ASA classes 

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Copyright information

© The Society of Surgical Oncology, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raffaella Giannice
    • 1
    • 2
  • Elvira Foti
    • 1
  • Antonella Poerio
    • 1
  • Elisabetta Marana
    • 3
  • Salvatore Mancuso
    • 1
  • Giovanni Scambia
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynaecologyCatholic University of Sacred Heart of RomeRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and GynaecologyCivil Hospital of LegnanoMilanItaly
  3. 3.Department of AnaesthesiologyCatholic University of Sacred Heart of RomeRomeItaly
  4. 4.Department of Obstetrics and GynaecologyCatholic University of Sacred HeartRomeItaly

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