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ASO Author Reflections: Revisiting Risk of Dissemination from Small Rectal Neuroendocrine Tumors

  • Ian W. Folkert
  • Robert E. RosesEmail author
ASO Author Reflections
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Notes

Disclosures

Ian W. Folkert and Robert E. Roses report no conflicts of interest.

References

  1. 1.
    Folkert IW, Sinnamon AJ, Concors SJ, et al. Grade is a dominant risk factor for metastasis in patients with rectal neuroendocrine tumors. Ann Surg Oncol. 2019.  https://doi.org/10.1245/s10434-019-07848-0.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Clark OH, Benson AB, Berlin JD, et al. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: neuroendocrine tumors. J Natl Compr Cancer Netw. 2009;7(7):712, 747.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Anthony LB, Strosberg JR, Klimstra DS, et al. The NANETS Consensus Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Gastrointestinal Neuroendocrine Tumors (NETs): Well-Differentiated NETs of the Distal Colon and Rectum. Pancreas. 2010;39(6):767–774.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Soga J. Carcinoids of the rectum: an evaluation of 1271 reported cases. Surg Today. 1997;27(2):112–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Society of Surgical Oncology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryHospital of the University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Surgery, Division of Endocrine and Oncologic SurgeryHospital of the University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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