Annals of Surgical Oncology

, Volume 26, Issue 10, pp 3032–3039 | Cite as

Breastfeeding and Breast Cancer: Managing Lactation in Survivors and Women with a New Diagnosis

  • Helen M. Johnson
  • Katrina B. MitchellEmail author
Breast Oncology



Supporting breastfeeding is a global health priority, yet few clinical guidelines exist to guide surgical oncologists in managing lactation during or after breast cancer treatment.


The literature was reviewed to identify evidence-based strategies for managing lactation during multidisciplinary breast cancer treatment or among breast cancer survivors.


The majority of the evidence is from observational studies, with some higher levels of evidence, including systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Several significant gaps in knowledge remain.


This review serves as a comprehensive resource of evidence-based recommendations for managing lactation in breast cancer survivors and breastfeeding women with a new breast cancer diagnosis.



Dr. Mitchell acknowledges her patients for consenting to share their clinical and radiographic images.


Helen M. Johnson and Katrina B. Mitchell have nothing to disclose.


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Copyright information

© Society of Surgical Oncology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Brody School of MedicineEast Carolina UniversityGreenvilleUSA
  2. 2.Breast Surgical OncologyPresbyterian Healthcare Services – MD Anderson Cancer NetworkAlbuquerqueUSA

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