Development of a New Comorbidity Assessment Tool for Specific Prediction of Perioperative Mortality in Contemporary Patients Treated with Radical Cystectomy
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The Deyo adaptation of the Charlson comorbidity index (DaCCI), which relies on 17 comorbid condition groupings defined with 200 ICD-9-CM diagnostic codes, lacks specificity in the context of radical cystectomy (RC) for bladder cancer (BCa). We attempted to develop a new comorbidity assessment tool based on individual comorbid conditions and/or BCa manifestations for specific prediction of perioperative mortality after RC.
We relied on 7076 T1–T4 nonmetastatic BCa patients treated with RC between 2000 and 2009 in the SEER-Medicare linked database. Within the development cohort (n = 6076), simulated annealing (SA) was used to identify (1) individual comorbid conditions, (2) individual BCa manifestations, and (3) the combination of both, that satisfy the criteria of maximal accuracy and parsimony for prediction of 90-day mortality after RC, after adjusting for several confounders. The accuracy of the newly identified groups of individual comorbid conditions and/or BCa manifestations and of the original DaCCI was tested in a 1000-patient external validation cohort.
The combination of six individual comorbid conditions and two individual BCa disease manifestations (type II diabetes without complications, anemia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, congestive heart failure, aortocoronary bypass, cardiomegaly, urinary tract infection, and hydronephrosis), and seven individual comorbid conditions (type II diabetes without complications, anemia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, congestive heart failure, aortocoronary bypass, osteoarthrosis, and cardiomegaly) respectively showed 71.1 and 70.2% accuracy versus 68.0% for the original DaCCI.
These new approaches are specific to contemporary RC patients and represent simpler methods compared with the original DaCCI, without any compromise in accuracy.
This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. The authors declare no conflicts of interest in preparing this article.
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