The abdominal incision extraction site continues to be major source of morbidity after laparoscopic colectomy: mainly, incisional pain, wound infection, and incisional hernia. Also, in selected cases, it may delay initiating chemotherapy.
The video describes the technique of performing laparoscopic total colectomy, transvaginal removal of the entire colon, and intracorporeal ileorectal anastomosis in a 40-year-old woman with a sigmoid cancer and multiple endoscopically unresectable polyps throughout the colon. Computed tomography scan showed 2 liver lesions with carcinoembryonic antigen 138. Familial adenomatous polyposis gene analysis was negative. Six trocars (one 12 mm and five 5 mm) were used. The whole colon was removed through the transvaginal route. The anvil was introduced through the vagina, and circular stapled ileorectal anastomosis was done.
There were no intraoperative complications. The operating time was 210 min. Blood loss was 20 mL. The patient was discharged home on postoperative day 2. Final pathology was T3N1bM1, and 2 of 23 lymph nodes were metastatic. All polyps were tubulovillous. She was commenced on chemotherapy 2 weeks after surgery. At 6-month follow-up, the patient was doing well, had no abdominal pain, and had no vaginal discharge or dyspareunia.
Natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) surgery can be added to the armamentarium of surgeons performing laparoscopic colon surgery. This technique may provide both an attractive way to reduce abdominal incision–related morbidity and a bridge to pure natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) colon surgery. Large-number patient data with long-term follow-up is needed.
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Awad, Z. Laparoscopic Total Colectomy with Transvaginal Extraction of the Colon and Ileorectal Anastomosis. Ann Surg Oncol 21, 3029 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1245/s10434-014-3678-6
- Incisional Hernia
- Familial Adenomatous Polyposis
- Laparoscopic Colectomy
- Vaginal Discharge
- Ileorectal Anastomosis