Studies on the Effect of Water-Soluble Polymers on Drug–Cyclodextrin Complex Solubility
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The effect of complexation of irbesartan (IRB), a practically water-insoluble drug, with cyclodextrins in presence of different concentrations of water-soluble polymers (PEG 4000 and PVP K-90) on the dissolution rate of the drug has been investigated. Phase solubility studies were carried out to evaluate the solubilizing power of βCD in association with water-soluble polymers towards IRB and to determine the apparent stability constant (K S) of the complexes. Improvement in K S value for ternary complexes (IRB–βCD–polymers) clearly proved the benefit on the addition of water-soluble polymer to increase complexation efficiency. The dissolution rate of the drug from ternary systems containing PEG 4000 and PVP K-90 was higher as compared to the binary system. An optimum increase in the dissolution rate of the drug was observed at a polymer concentration of 5% w/w for PVP K-90 and 10% w/w for PEG 4000. DSC, FTIR, SEM, and XRD studies were carried out to characterize the complexes.
Key wordsdissolution hydrophilic polymers irbesartan solubility β-cyclodextrin
differential scanning calorimetry
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
scanning electron microscopy
apparent stability constant