AAPS PharmSciTech

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 1110–1118 | Cite as

γ-irradiation of PEGd,lPLA and PEG-PLGA Multiblock Copolymers: II. Effect of Oxygen and EPR Investigation

  • R. Dorati
  • C. Colonna
  • C. Tomasi
  • I. Genta
  • T. Modena
  • A. Faucitano
  • A. Buttafava
  • B. Conti
Research Article

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to evaluate how the presence of oxygen can affect irradiation-induced degradation reactions of PEGd,lPLA and PEG-PLGA multiblock copolymers submitted to gamma irradiation and to investigate the radiolytic behavior of the polymers. PEGd,lPLA, PEG-PLGA, PLA, and PLGA were irradiated by using a 60Co irradiation source in air and under vacuum at 25 kGy total dose. Mw and Mn were evaluated by gel permeation chromatography. The stability study was carried out on three samples sets: (a) polymer samples irradiated and stored in air, (b) polymer samples irradiated and stored under vacuum, and (c) polymer samples irradiated under vacuum and stored in air. The thermal and radiolytic behavior was investigated by differential scanning calorimetry and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), respectively. Samples irradiated in air showed remarkable Mw and Mn reduction and Tg value reduction due to radiation-induced chain scission reactions. Higher stability was observed for samples irradiated and stored under vacuum. EPR spectra showed that the presence of PEG units in multiblock copolymer chains leads to: (a) decrease of the radiolytic yield of radicals and (b) decrease of the radical trapping efficiency and faster radical decay rates. It can be concluded that the presence of oxygen during the irradiation process and the storage phase significantly increases the entity of irradiation-induced damage.

Key words

ionizing radiation multiblock copolymer polymer stability radicals radiolysis mechanism 

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Copyright information

© American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Dorati
    • 1
  • C. Colonna
    • 1
  • C. Tomasi
    • 2
  • I. Genta
    • 1
  • T. Modena
    • 1
  • A. Faucitano
    • 3
  • A. Buttafava
    • 3
  • B. Conti
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pharmaceutical ChemistryUniversity of PaviaPaviaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Physical Chemistry and I.E.N.I.C.N.R.University of PaviaPaviaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Organic ChemistryUniversity of PaviaPaviaItaly

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