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The AAPS Journal

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 438–446 | Cite as

Animal Models of Osteoarthritis: Challenges of Model Selection and Analysis

  • Erin Teeple
  • Gregory D. Jay
  • Khaled A. Elsaid
  • Braden C. Fleming
Review Article Theme: Human and Veterinary Therapeutics: Interspecies Extrapolations and Shared Challenges

ABSTRACT

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common musculoskeletal disease, affecting millions of individuals worldwide. New treatment approaches require an understanding of the pathophysiology of OA and its biomechanical, inflammatory, genetic, and environmental risk factors. The purpose of animal models of OA is to reproduce the pattern and progression of degenerative damage in a controlled fashion, so that opportunities to monitor and modulate symptoms and disease progression can be identified and new therapies developed. This review discusses the features, strengths, and weaknesses of the common animal models of OA; considerations to be taken when choosing a method for experimental induction of joint degeneration; and the challenges of measuring of OA progression and symptoms in these models.

KEY WORDS

animal model osteoarthritis 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This publication was made possible by NIH Grant Numbers RO1-AR056834, R41 AR057276 and 2P20 GM104937 and the Lucy Lippitt Endowment. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH.

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Copyright information

© American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erin Teeple
    • 1
  • Gregory D. Jay
    • 1
    • 2
  • Khaled A. Elsaid
    • 3
  • Braden C. Fleming
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Emergency MedicineBrown Medical School/Rhode Island HospitalProvidenceUSA
  2. 2.School of EngineeringBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA
  3. 3.Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health SciencesBostonUSA
  4. 4.Bioengineering Laboratory, Department of OrthopaedicsBrown Medical School/Rhode Island HospitalProvidenceUSA
  5. 5.Department of Orthopaedics and SurgeryRhode Island HospitalProvidenceUSA

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