Multi-Layered Nanomicelles as Self-Assembled Nanocarrier Systems for Ocular Peptide Delivery
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Despite the great potential of peptides as therapeutics, there is an unmet challenge in sustaining delivery of sufficient amounts in their native forms. This manuscript describes a novel nanocarrier capable of delivering functional small peptides in its native form. Self-assembling multi-layered nanomicelles composed of two polymers, polyoxyethylene hydrogenated castor oil 40 (HCO-40) and octoxynol 40 (OC-40), were designed to combine hydrophilic interaction and solvent-induced encapsulation of peptides and proteins. The polymers are employed to encapsulate peptide or protein in the core of the organo-nanomicelles which are further encapsulated with another layer of the same polymers to form an aqueous stable nanomicellar solution. The size of the multi-layered nanomicelles ranges from ~ 16 to 20 nm with zeta potential close to neutral (~ − 2.44 to 0.39 mV). In vitro release studies revealed that octreotide-loaded multi-layered nanomicelles released octreotide at much slower rate in simulated tear fluid (STF) (~ 27 days) compared to PBST (~ 11 days) in its native form. MTT assay demonstrated negligible toxicity of the multi-layered nanomicelles at lower concentrations in human retinal pigment epithelial (HRPE, D407), human conjunctival epithelial (CCL 20.2), and rhesus choroid-retinal endothelial (RF/6A) cells. This work demonstrates an efficient small peptide delivery platform with significant advantages over existing approaches, as it does not require modification of the peptide, is biodegradable, and has a small size and high loading capacity.
KEY WORDSmicelles sustained release self-assembly formulation acylation octreotide mass spectrometry
This work was supported by R01EY09171-16 and R01EY010659-14 grants from the National Institute of Health.
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Conflict of Interest
This invention has been disclosed to the University of Missouri-Kansas City for potential patent filing.