AAPS PharmSciTech

, Volume 19, Issue 6, pp 2740–2749 | Cite as

The Effects of Curing and Casting Methods on the Physicochemical Properties of Polymer Films

  • Yingjian LiEmail author
  • Dale Eric Wurster
Research Article


Most film coatings in the pharmaceutical industry are prepared using organic solvents or aqueous solvents. Due to different film-formation mechanisms, their properties are significantly different from each other. Curing can alter the microstructure of films by improving the coalescence of polymer particles for aqueous dispersion-based films or accelerating macromolecule relaxation for organic solvent-based films. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of preparation methods and curing on the physicochemical properties of Kollicoat® SR30D and Kollicoat® MAE100P films. The film’s properties, including water diffusion coefficient, mechanical properties, plasticizer loss, swelling behavior, and contact angle, were measured for uncured or cured aqueous dispersion-based or organic solvent-based films. The results indicated that curing decreased water diffusivities in films and increased film’s tensile strength. Curing resulted in plasticizer loss from SR30D films but not from MAE100P films due to strong interaction between plasticizer and MAE100P. The surface of organic solvent-based films was more hydrophobic than that of aqueous dispersion-based films. The contact angle of organic solvent-based films was increased after curing possibly because curing decreased roughness of the film surface. Organic solvent-based SR30D films had better mechanical properties than the corresponding aqueous dispersion-based films because of higher degree of polymer–polymer entanglement in the organic solvent-based films. However, contradictory phenomena were observed in MAE100P films possibly due to a “core-shell” structure reserved in the aqueous dispersion-based MAE100P films. In summary, casting methods and curing have significant impact on the film properties due to different film structures, coalescence, or film relaxation, and other concurrent effects including evaporation of residue solvent and plasticizers.


aqueous vs organic curing polymer films physicochemical properties 


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Copyright information

© American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Product DevelopmentPrinston Pharmaceutical Inc.SomersetUSA
  2. 2.College of PharmacyUniversity of IowaIowa CityUSA

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