Exploring the development of sun-tanning behavior: A grounded theory study of adolescents’ decision-making experiences with becoming a sun tanner
A grounded theory study was undertaken to describe how adolescents make decisions about sunbathing during the transition from childhood to adolescence and to propose an explanation for the relationships among factors affecting the adoption of sun tanning. In-depth interviews (n = 40) were conducted separately with adolescents (aged 12 to 16 years) and their parents. Constant comparative analysis of adolescents’ accounts identified two methods that adolescents described as a means of getting a suntan: intentional sun tanning and incidental sun tanning. The process of adolescents’ decision-making about getting a suntan can be understood by examining the following sequence: becoming motivated to get a tan, experimenting with sun tanning, and establishing self as an intentional tanner or incidental tanner. Implications for developing strategies to prevent the adoption of sun-tanning habits among adolescents are presented.
Key wordsadolescent health skin cancer prevention
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Clandinin, D. J., & Connelly, F. M. (1998). Personal experience methods. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), Collecting and interpreting qualitative materials (pp. 150–178). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Gallagher, R. P., McLean, D. I., Yang, C. P., Coldman, A. J., Silver, H. K., & Spinelli, J. J. (1990). Suntan, sunburn, and pigmentation factors and the frequency of acquired melanocytic nevi in children. Similarities to melanoma: the Vancouver Mole Study. Arch Dermatol, 126, 770–776.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Gibbons, L., & Anderson, L. (1992). Proceedings of the symposium on ultraviolet radiation-related diseases. Chronic Disease in Canada, 13, s1-s42.Google Scholar
- Glaser, B., & Strauss, A. (1967). The discovery of grounded theory. Chicago: Aldine.Google Scholar
- Lovato, C. Y., Shoveller, J. A., Peters, L., & Rivers, J. K. (1998a). Canadian National Survey on Sun Exposure & Protective Behaviours: Youth at Leisure. Cancer Prevention & Control, 2, 117–122.Google Scholar
- Lovato, C. Y., Shoveller, J. A., Peters, L., & Rivers, J. K. (1998b). Canadian National Survey on Sun Exposure & Protective Behaviours: Parent Reports of Children. Cancer Prevention & Control, 2, 123–128.Google Scholar
- National Cancer Institute of Canada. (2001). Canadian Cancer Statistics for 2001. Toronto, Canada: Author.Google Scholar
- Richards, R., McGee, R., & Knight, R. G. (2001, May). Sun protection practices, knowledge and attitudes to tans among New Zealand adolescents, 1991–1997. New Zealand Medical Journal, 229–231.Google Scholar
- Rosso, S., Zanetti, R., Martinez, C., Tormo, M. J., Schraub, S., & Sancho-Garnier, H. (1996). The multicentre south European study “Helios.” II: Different sun exposure patterns in the aetiology of basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas of the skin. British Journal of Cancer, 73, 1447–1454.PubMedGoogle Scholar
- Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1998). Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Young, R. A., Valach, L., Dillabough, J., Dover, C., & Matthes, G. (1994). Career research from an action perspective: The self-confrontation procedure. Career Development Quarterly, 43, 185–196.Google Scholar