Annals of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 120–124 | Cite as

Public and private self-consciousness and smoking behavior in head and neck cancer patients

  • Katherine A. Raichle
  • Alan J. Christensen
  • Shawna Ehlers
  • Patricia J. Moran
  • Lucy Karnell
  • Gerry Funk


Patients who continue to use tobacco following treatment for head and neck cancers are at a greater risk for cancer recurrence and earlier mortality. This study examined the unique effects of public and private self-consciousness and negative affect on smoking behavior in a sample of 40 patients with cancers of the head and neck. Measures of public and private self-consciousness and negative affect were administered and assessments of past and current smoking behavior were obtained. Only public self-consciousness was a significant predictor of continued smoking following oncologic treatment. Specifically, individuals with low levels of public self-consciousness were nearly 13 times more likely to continue smoking compared to those with relatively higher levels of public self-consciousness. This pattern is interpreted in the context of previous theorizing that suggests individuals high in public self-consciousness are more likely to discontinue habitual behavior that is perceived as socially undesirable or incorrect.


Negative Affect Smoking Behavior Behavioral Medicine Neck Cancer Patient Continue Smoking 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katherine A. Raichle
    • 1
  • Alan J. Christensen
    • 1
  • Shawna Ehlers
    • 1
  • Patricia J. Moran
    • 1
  • Lucy Karnell
    • 2
  • Gerry Funk
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Psychology, E1 1 Seashore HallThe University of IowaIowa City
  2. 2.University of Iowa Hospitals and ClinicsIowa

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