Table 7 Phytochemical components of Suaeda vermiculata ethanolic extract as identified by GC-MS analysis

From: Characterization, antioxidant, and cytotoxic effects of some Egyptian wild plant extracts

Peak no. RT Compound name Area % Molecular formula Class Reported bioactivity References
1 5.03 Octadecanoic acid, 2-(hexadecyloxy)ethyl ester 1.64 C36H72O3 Fatty acid derivative No activity reported  
2 5.08 Rhodoviolascin 1.59 C42H60O2 Carotenoid derivative Antioxidant [52]
3 16.94 2-(4-Ethoxy-3-methoxy-phenyl)-3-nitro-2H-chromene 10.90 C18H17NO5 Chromene derivative No activity reported  
4 18.34 Canthaxanthin 1.83 C40H52O2 Carotenoid derivative Antioxidant [26]
5 19.51 Cyclomulberrin 3.82 C25H24O6 Isoprenylated flavonoid No activity reported  
6 21.50 Stearic acid, 3-(octadecyloxy)propyl ester 21.37 C39H78O3 Fatty acid derivative 5-α-Reductase inhibitor, cosmotic, flavor, hypocholestrolemic, lubricant, perfumery, propecic and suppository [53]
7 22.48 Fucoxanthin 14.43 C42H58O6 Carotenoid Anticancer, anti-angiogenic, anti-proliferative, and apoptosis inducer [54]
8 24.25 Hexadecanoic acid, 2-[(trimethylsilyl)oxy]-1,3-propanediyl ester 4.88 C38H76O5Si Fatty acid derivative No activity reported  
9 26.27 Astaxanthin 13.89 C40H52O4 Carotenoid Antioxidant, anticancer, antidiabetic, anti-hypertension, anti-atherosclerosis, and anti-ulcer [55]
10 27.18 Hexasiloxane, 1,1,3,3,5,5,7,7,9,9,11,11-dodecamethyl- 25.66 C12H38O5Si6 Siloxane derivative Antimicrobial, antiseptic, hair conditioning agent, skin conditioning agent-emollient; solvent [26]
  1. RT retention time (min)