Table 6 Phytochemical components of Conzya dioscoridis ethanolic extract as identified by GC-MS analysis

From: Characterization, antioxidant, and cytotoxic effects of some Egyptian wild plant extracts

Peak no. RT Compound name Area % Molecular formula Class Reported bioactivity References
1 21.12 9,12-Octadecadienoic acid(Z,Z)- 41.54 C18H32O2 Fatty acid Anti-inflammatory, hypocholesterolemic, cancer preventive, hepatoprotective, nematicide, insecticide, antihistaminic, antieczemic, antiacne, 5-α reductase inhibitor, antiandrogenic, antiarthritic, anti-coronary, and antimicrobial [48]
2 22.96 6,9-Octadecadienoic acid, methyl ester 0.93 C19H34O2 Fatty acid No activity reported  
3 23.79 9-Octadecenoic acid (Z)- 1.89 C18H34O2 Fatty acid -Anticancer, anemiagenic, insect repellent, antiandrogenic, dermatitigenic, anti-inflammatory, hypocholesterolemic, cancer preventive, hepatoprotective, nematicide, antihistaminic, antieczemic, antiacne, alpha reductase inhibitor, antiandrogenic, antiarthritic, and anticoronary [26]
4 24.20 Vitamin A aldehyde 1.46 C20H28O Vitamin A Cosmetics, anti-aging, protect from UV, and antioxidant [49]
5 24.95 4,7,10-Hexadecatrienoic acid, methyl ester 2.61 C17H28O2 Fatty acid Cardio-protective [26]
6 25.94 10,13-Eicosadienoic acid, methyl ester 2.16 C21H38O2 Fatty acid No activity reported  
7 26.58 9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic acid, 2,3-dihydroxypropyl ester, (Z,Z,Z)- 7.86 C21H36O4 Fatty acid Antipyretic, anticonvulsant, antiseptic, and analgesic [50]
8 26.67 9-Octadecenoic acid (Z)-,2-hydroxy-1-(hydroxymethyl)ethyl ester 14.89 C21H40O4 Fatty acid No activity reported  
9 26.79 9-Octadecenoic acid, eicosyl ester, (9Z)- 5.40 C38H74O2 Fatty acid No activity reported  
10 27.68 Ethyl linoleate 3.95 C20H36O2 Fatty acid No activity reported  
11 29.87 Luteolin 6,8-di-C-glucoside 2.65 C27H30O16 Flavonoid derivative Anti-ulcerogenic and antioxidative [51]
12 33.43 9-Octadecenoic acid (Z)- 1.96 C18H34O2 Fatty acid -Anticancer, anemiagenic, insect repellent, antiandrogenic, dermatitigenic, anti-inflammatory, hypocholesterolemic, cancer preventive, hepatoprotective, nematicide, antihistaminic, antieczemic, antiacne, alpha reductase inhibitor, antiandrogenic, antiarthritic, and anticoronary [26]
13 34.99 Stigmast-5-en-3-ol, (3á)- 7.84 C29H50O Phytosterol Antidiabetic and anti-hypercholesterolemic [27]
  1. RT retention time (min)