Table 4 Phytochemical components of Varthemia candicans ethanolic extract as identified by GC-MS analysis

From: Characterization, antioxidant, and cytotoxic effects of some Egyptian wild plant extracts

Peak no. RT Compound name Area % Molecular formula Class Reported bioactivity References
1 16.66 2,5-Octadecadienoic acid, methyl ester 3.01 C19H30O2 Fatty acid No activity reported  
2 16.83 Megastigma-4,6(E),8(Z)-triene 1.90 C13H20 Alkene No activity reported  
3 17.26 9,12-Octadecadienoic acid (Z,Z)- 25.65 C18H32O2 Fatty acid -Antitumor
-Anti-inflammatory, hypocholesterolemic, hepatoprotective, nematicide, 5-alpha reductase inhibitor, antihistaminic, antiacne, antieczemic, antiandrogenic, antiarthritic, anticoronary, and insect repellant
[26]
4 18.13 7,10,13-Eicosatrienoic acid, methyl ester 0.63 C21H36O2 Fatty acid No activity reported  
5 18.66 13-Heptadecyn-1-ol 1.66 C17H32O Fatty alcohol Anti-inflammatory and antifungal [27]
6 18.81 Stigmast-5-en-3-ol, (3á)- 0.43 C29H50O Phytosterol Antidiabetic and anti-hypercholesterolemic [28]
7 19.21 1-Heptatriacotanol 5.21 C37H76O Fatty alcohol -Anti-hypercholesterolemic
-Antimicrobial
[29]
[30]
8 19.41 Cholestan-3-ol, 2-methylene-, (3á,5à)- 0.90 C28H48O Sterol Antimicrobial anti-inflammatory, anticancer, diuretic, antiasthma, and antiarthritic [26]
9 21.23 Hexadecatrienoic acid, methyl ester 3.80 C17H28O2 Fatty acid -Cardio-protective
-Antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory
[26]
[31]
10 21.29 Cis-9-octadecenoic acid 7.60 C18H34O2 Fatty acid Cancer preventive flavor, hypocholesterolemic, 5-alpha reductase inhibitor, antiandrogenic, perfumery insectifuge, anti-inflammatory, anemiagenic, and dermatitigenic choleretic [26]
11 22.02 8,11,14-Docosatrienoic acid, methyl ester 2.71 C23H40O2 Fatty acid No activity reported  
12 23.61 ç-Isosparteine 1.28 C15H26N2 Alkaloid Antimicrobial [32]
13 24.53 Fischeroside C 2.29 C28H40O12 Diterpene Antiviral [33]
14 26.54 Lycopene 0.62 C40H56 Carotenoid Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-allergic, and anticancer
-Anti-autophagic and antiapoptotic substance
[34]
[35]
15 27.38 Stigmastan-3,5-diene 2.02 C29H48 Sterol Antimicrobial [36]
16 28.17 1-Methyl-3-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-6,7-dimethoxyisochromene 2.90 C20H22O5 Benzopyran derivative Anti-hypertension, anti-cardiac ischemia, arrhythmia treatment, smooth muscle relaxation, antidiabetic, cardio-protective and anti-angiogenic [37]
17 29.45 Panaxatriol 25.88 C30H52O4 Triterpene sapogenin Protect against ischemia and reperfusion injuries [38]
18 29.82 9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic acid, 2-[(trimethylsilyl)oxy]-1-[[(trimethylsilyl)oxy]methyl]ethyl ester, (Z,Z,Z)- 1.67 C27H54O4Si2 Fatty acid Antimicrobial, anticancer, hepatoprotective, anti-arthritic, anti-asthma, and diuretic [26]
19 29.98 9-Octadecenoic acid (Z)-, 9-hexadecenyl ester, (Z)- 0.92 C34H64O2 Fatty acid No activity reported  
20 31.52 3à,5à-Cyclo-ergosta-7,9(11),22t-triene-6á-ol 3.25 C28H42O Steroid Antitumor and anti-angiogenic [39]
21 31.98 Trisiloxane, 1,1,1,5,5,5-hexamethyl-3-(4-methylpentyl)-3-[(trimethylsilyl)oxy]- 0.38 C15H40O3Si4 Siloxane derivative No activity reported  
22 32.37 1,1,3,3,5,5,7,7,9,9,11,11-Dodecamethyl-hexasiloxane 0.83 C12H38O5Si6 Siloxane derivative Antimicrobial, antiseptic, hair conditioning agent, skin-conditioning agent-emollient and solvent [26]
23 32.79 1,1,3,3,5,5,7,7,9,9-Decamethyl-pentasiloxane 2.87 C10H32O4Si5 Siloxane derivative No activity reported  
24 33.26 Oleic acid,3-(octadecyloxy)propyl ester 1.59 C39H76O3 Fatty acid Anti-fungal [40]
  1. RT retention time (min)