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Extracurricular physical activities practiced by children: relationship with parents’ nutritional status and level of activity

A Correction to this article was published on 03 December 2019

This article has been updated

Abstract

Purpose

Sedentarism is a global epidemic that engages 60 to 70% of the global population. A progressive physical activities decline occurs from childhood to adolescence. This study aims to compare extracurricular physical activity among students with and without overweight and to relate it to the level of physical activity of their parents.

Methods

This cross-sectional study evaluated 375 children aged 6–11 years from two public schools that have extracurricular and optional activities. Data collected: weight and height for the calculation of body mass index and height/age z-scores; waist circumference to calculate waist to height ratio; extracurricular physical activity of children and parents/caregivers (short version of the IPAQ—International Physical Activity Questionnaire).

Results

Mean age was 8.7 ± 1.4 years in the studied population; overweight and obesity was observed in 98 (26.8%) and 79 (21.6%) children, respectively. Extracurricular physical activity was observed in 86 (22.9%) children. Physical activity of parents was not associated with children’s practice or their nutritional status. No difference was found in relation to physical activity and nutritional status. However, boys were less engaged in physical activities compared with girls (32–37.2% vs 54–62.8%, p = 0.003).

Conclusion

Considering the importance of promoting children’s physical activity and based on the results evidenced in this study highlighting the low demand for physical activity provided by schools, stimulating measures by educators and family members are clearly required.

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Change history

  • 03 December 2019

    The article ���Extracurricular physical activities practiced by children: relationship with parents��� nutritional status and level of activity���, written by Aida Christine Silva do Nascimento, Fab��ola Isabel Suano-Souza, and Roseli Oselka Saccardo Sarni.

Abbreviations

IPAQ:

International Physical Activity Questionnaire

PA:

physical activity

WHO:

World Health Organization

POF:

Household Budget Survey

FNDE:

National Education Development Fund

PENSE:

National School Health Survey

CESAs:

Santo Andre Educational Centers

ZBMI:

score Z body mass index

ZHA:

score Z height for age

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Acknowledgments

Núcleo de Estudos, Pesquisas e Assessoria à Saúde da Faculdade de Medicina do ABC (NEPAS) da Faculdade de Medicina do ABC.

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Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Fabíola Isabel Suano-Souza.

Ethics declarations

The Research Ethics Committee of the Faculdade de Medicina do ABC approved and authorized the study under No. 066275/2014. All children and parents involved signed the informed consent form.

Additional information

The original version of this article was revised: The article “Extracurricular physical activities practiced by children: relationship with parents’ nutritional status and level of activity”, written by Aida Christine Silva do Nascimento, Fabíola Isabel Suano‐Souza, and Roseli Oselka Saccardo Sarni, was originally published electronically on the publisher’s internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on 26 July 2019 with open access. This was modified in December 2019 to © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019 and the article is forthwith distributed under the terms of copyright.

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do Nascimento, A.C.S., Suano-Souza, F.I. & Sarni, R.O.S. Extracurricular physical activities practiced by children: relationship with parents’ nutritional status and level of activity. Nutrire 44, 7 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1186/s41110-019-0102-9

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Keywords

  • Child
  • Physical activity
  • Sedentary behavior
  • Obesity