Table 2 Summary of exploratory factor analysis results for the English SCI coping scales (N = 1006)

From: Psychometric qualities of the English Coping Scales of the Stress and Coping Inventory in a representative UK sample

Item Rotated factor loading
1 2 3 4 5 Original scale
Factor 1 (Religious Coping)
 9. Prayer helps me deal with stress and threats .90 .05 .07 .04 .13 Support in Faith
 10. No matter how bad it gets, I trust in higher forces .85 .10 .10 .01 .14 Support in Faith
 8. Under stress and pressure, I find stability in faith .82 .09 .13 .04 .23 Support in Faith
Factor 2 (Social Support)
 13. When I come under pressure, I have people who help me .07 .81 .23  − .02 .08 Social Support
 4. When I feel overwhelmed, there are people who build me up again .12 .71 .10  − .06 .17 Social Support
 15. Under stress and pressure, I find support in my partner or a good friend .02 .69 .22  − .03 .10 Social Support
 19. No matter how bad it gets, I have good friends that I can count on .05 .59 .25  − .02 .21 Social Support
Factor 3 (various coping)
 17. Under stress and pressure, I purposefully eliminate the causes .08 .22 .67  − .04 .24 Active Stress Coping
 12. I do anything to prevent stress from arising in the first place .03 .14 .57  − .01 .00 Active Stress Coping
 16. Under stress and pressure, I simply concentrate on the positive .14 .26 .51  − .18 .41 Positive Thinking
 7. I try to avoid stress in advance .04 .09 .51  − .05  − .00 Active Stress Coping
 18. Under stress and pressure, I remember that there are greater values in life .16 .31 .49  − .13 .33 Support in Faith
 6. Even when I am under a lot of pressure, I do not lose my sense of humor .08 .24 .36  − .15 .34 Positive Thinking
Factor 4 (Alcohol and Cigarette Consumption)
 11. When everything gets too much for me, I sometimes take to the bottle .04  − .058 .002 .88  − .06 Alcohol and Cigarette consumption
 14. Under stress and pressure, I relax with a glass of wine or beer in the evening  − .03 .04 .04 .78 .03 Alcohol and Cigarette Consumption
 2. No matter how much stress I get, I would never turn to alcohol or cigarettes because of stress .15 .12 .23  − .59 .18 Alcohol and Cigarette Consumption
 20. If the stress gets too much, I will smoke a cigarette .12  − .02  − .09 .42 .01 Alcohol and Cigarette Consumption
Factor 5 (Reflective Coping)
 5. I see stress and pressure as a positive challenge .22 .16 .14  − .02 .71 Positive Thinking
 1. I tell myself that stress and pressure also have their good sides .14 .14 .05 .01 .68 Positive Thinking
 3. I think about how I can avoid time pressure beforehand .16 .15 .34  − .12 .35 Active Stress Coping
% of variance 28.17 12.37 10.38 6.95 6.13