Fig. 4 | Microbiome

Fig. 4

From: Toothbrush microbiomes feature a meeting ground for human oral and environmental microbiota

Fig. 4

Enrichments in the toothbrush resistome correlate with the environmental-derived fraction of toothbrush microbial communities. a Left: Frequency of ARGs detected in oral (orange) and toothbrush (red) samples for ARGs present in > 10% of all samples (n = 68). Vertical dotted lines distinguish conserved ARGs (i.e., detected in at least 50% respective samples). An asterisk indicates enrichment by sample type (Bonferroni q < 0.05). Right: Log-transformed normalized RPKM counts for marker hits to each ARG protein family. Crossbar indicates median value for samples with > 0 counts. Axis tick colors correspond to ARG drug class. b PCoA displaying beta-diversity of toothbrush microbiomes based on normalized RPKMs of ARGs; color intensity indicates the cumulative fraction of taxa putatively derived from the human microbiome per sample (see Fig. 2a). c Log-transformed normalized RPKMs (average ± standard error) of ARGs that were enriched on toothbrushes (indicated in a) for toothbrush metagenomes containing less than 50% (gray) or greater than 50% (orange) microbiota putatively derived from the human microbiome

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