Table 4 Summary of Aggregate U.S. Health Burdens and Benefit-Cost Ratios with Sensitivity Analysis

From: Grocery food taxes and U.S. county obesity and diabetes rates

  1 2 3
Obesity Diabetes Total
Aggregate U.S. health burdens (billions of USD)
 Low estimate 1.34 2.64 3.98
  (0.65, 2.03) (0.56, 5.00) (1.21, 7.03)
 Preferred estimate 2.06 3.8 5.86
  (1.00, 3.11) (0.81, 7.19) (1.81, 10.30)
 High Estimate 2.79 5.24 8.03
  (1.36, 4.23) (1.11, 9.92) (2.47, 14.15)
Benefit-cost ratios (health benefits / cost of reduced tax revenue)
 Low estimate 0.434 0.855 1.289
  (0.211, 0.657) (0.091, 1.619) (0.302, 2.276)
 Preferred estimate 0.666 1.23 1.896
  (0.324, 1.008) (0.163, 2.329) (0.487, 3.337)
 High Estimate 0.905 1.696 2.601
  (0.440, 1.369) (0.181, 3.212) (0.621, 4.581)
  1. Note: In parentheses we report the 95% confidence interval derived from the sampling variability of the regression coefficients reported in columns (3) and (6) of Table 2