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Table 1 Comparison of characteristics in hospitalized and non-hospitalized patients

From: Can eosinophilia and neutrophil–lymphocyte ratio predict hospitalization in asthma exacerbation?

  Non-hospitalized Hospitalized P
n = 120 n = 91
Gender 0.788
 Female, n (%) 51 (42.5) 36 (39.6)  
 Male, n (%) 69 (57.5) 55 (60.4)  
Age (mean years ± SD) \(6.21 \pm 3.14\) \(5.16 \pm 3.36\) 0.020
Antibiotic consumption, n (%) 23 (19) 55 (60.4) < 0.001
Using an asthma action plana, n (%) 86 (72.9) 50 (55.6) 0.009
Presence of atopic conditionb, n (%) 38 (32.7) 32 (35.6) 0.674
Cause of the exacerbation
 Infection, n (%) 73 (60.8) 64 (70.3) 0.152
 Allergen, n (%) 11 (9.2) 5 (5.5) 0.323
 Non-adherence to prescribed therapy, n (%) 28 (23.3) 19 (20.9) 0.671
 Other, n (%) 8 (6.7) 3 (3.3) 0.275
Duration of asthma
 Newly diagnosed, n (%) 19 (15.8) 26 (28.6) 0.025
 Less than 1 year, n (%) 38 (31.7) 22 (24.2) 0.232
 1–2 years, n (%) 36 (30) 28 (30.8) 0.904
 More than 2 years, n (%) 27 (22.5) 15 (16.4) 0.278
Blood eosinophil count (mean ± SD) \(260.4 \pm 301.7\) \(573.3 \pm 368\) < 0.001
NLR (mean ± SD) \(2.29 \pm 2.5\) \(4.96 \pm 4.27\) < 0.001
  1. aData missing for three patients
  2. bHistory of allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis was considered as positive history of atopy. Data missing for five patients