Table 2 Triage, Laboratory Data and Outcomes

From: Early hemodynamic assessment using NICOM in patients at risk of developing Sepsis immediately after emergency department triage

  All Patients Admitted Discharged P Value Infectious Source Non-Infectious Source P Value
Number (% of enrolled) N =50 N =32 (64) N = 18 (36)   N = 30 (60) N =20 (40)  
Initial Triage Vitals
Temperature, F 100.4 ± 1.9 100.1 ± 1.9 100.9 ± 1.9 0.147 100.3 ± 1.9 100.5 ± 2.0 0.646
Heart rate, per min 118.5 ± 15.4 120.9 ± 15.3 114.2 ± 15.0 0.140 120.5 ± 16.0 115.4 ± 14.2 0.254
SBP, mmHg 135.0 ± 25.1 136.9 ± 27.9 131.6 ± 19.3 0.472 132.4 ± 27.6 138.9 ± 20.8 0.375
DBP, mmHg 78.3 ± 11.5 79.2 ± 13.0 76.9 ± 8.2 0.509 76.7 ± 10.8 80.8 ± 12.3 0.220
Respiratory Rate, per min 21.2 ± 4.4 22.3 ± 4.6 19.2 ± 3.1 0.012 21.6 ± 4.5 20.6 ± 4.2 0.397
Laboratory Values
WBC, x 109/L 11.6 ± 8.1 12.2 ± 9.5 10.3 ± 3.6 0.462 12.5 ± 9.7 10.2 ± 4.3 0.344
Hgb, g/dl 12.6 ± 1.8 12.4 ± 2.0 13.0 ± 1.5 0.322 12.2 ± 2.1 13.3 ± 1.1 0.065
Creatinine, mg/dL 1.26 ± 1.1 1.26 ± 0.9 1.26 ± 1.5 0.981 1.28 ± 1.0 1.24 ± 1.4 0.913
Lactate, mmol/L (37 pts) 1.48 ± 0.8 1.68 ± 0.8 0.93 ± 0.3 0.010 1.69 ± 0.9 1.02 ± 0.4 0.014
Other Characteristics
ED length of stay, hours 8.63 ± 7.85 10.32 ± 9.13 5.62 ± 3.31 0.041 10.16 ± 9.23 6.33 ± 4.44 0.091
Hospital length of stay, days N/A N/A 5.71 ± 5.94 N/A N/A N/A 5.42 ± 5.10 7.28 ± 10.05 0.530
ICU, (%) 3 (6) 3 (9) N/A N/A N/A 2 (7) 1 (5) 0.808
Mortality, (%) 2 (4) 2 (6) 0 (0) 0.279 2 (7) 0 (0) 0.239
  1. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation, or count (percentage). SBP indicates systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; WBC, white blood cell count;
  2. ICU intensive care unit. ICU stay was recorded within current admission. Mortality was recorded up to 30 days after enrollment