Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Early hemodynamic assessment using NICOM in patients at risk of developing Sepsis immediately after emergency department triage

  All Patients Admitted Discharged P Value Infectious Source Non-Infectious Source P Value
Number (% of enrolled) N =50 N =32 (64) N =18 (36)   N =30 (60) N =20 (40)  
Age, y 49.5 ± 16.2 55.2 ± 13.1 39.5 ± 16.7 0.001 54.0 ± 14.0 42.8 ± 17.3 0.015
Female sex, (%) 31 (62) 16 (50) 15 (83) 0.020 17 (57) 14 (70) 0.341
African American, (%) 28 (56) 17 (53) 11 (61) 0.426 18 (60) 10 (50) 0.459
Caucasian, (%) 20 (40) 14 (44) 6 (33) 0.426 11 (37) 9 (45) 0.459
Asian, (%) 1 (2) 0 (0) 1 (6) 0.426 0 (0) 1 (5) 0.459
Weight (kg) 84.8 ± 26.3 89.4 ± 27.7 76.8 ± 22.1 0.105 87.5 ± 25.7 80.9 ± 27.4 0.393
Height (in) 65.7 ± 4.4 66.3 ± 4.7 64.7 ± 3.6 0.195 66.3 ± 4.7 65.0 ± 3.7 0.300
Patient History
 CAD, (%) 1 (2) 1 (3) 0 (0) 0.449 0 (0) 1 (5) 0.216
 Cancer, (%) 14 (28) 12 (38) 2 (11) 0.046 11 (37) 3 (15) 0.095
 CHF, (%) 2 (4) 1 (3) 1 (6) 0.674 1 (3) 1 (5) 0.768
 COPD, (%) 8 (16) 7 (22) 1 (6) 0.131 6 (20) 2 (10) 0.345
 Diabetes mellitus, (%) 10 (20) 7 (22) 3 (17) 0.659 6 (20) 4 (20) 1.000
 HIV, (%) 3 (6) 3 (9) 0 (0) 0.180 3 (10) 0 (0) 0.145
 Lupus, (%) 1 (2) 1 (3) 0 (0) 0.449 1 (3) 0 (0) 0.409
 Smoking history, (%) 3 (6) 2 (6) 1 (6) 0.921 2 (7) 1 (5) 0.808
 Surgery in past month, (%) 3 (6) 3 (9) 0 (0) 0.180 3 (10) 0 (0) 0.145
 Transplant, (%) 4 (8) 3 (9) 1 (6) 0.633 2 (7) 2 (10) 0.670
  1. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation, or count (percentage). CAD indicates, coronary artery disease; CHF congestive heart failure; COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; HIV human immunodeficiency virus