Table 3 Inter-rater reliabilty of neurological tests reported as Cohen’s or Fleiss’ K and SE with 95%CI and p-values

From: Non-invasive assessment of vibration perception and protective sensation in people with diabetes mellitus: inter- and intra-rater reliability

Inter-rater reliability between pairs of raters (n = 50)
 Rater 1 & 2Rater 1 & 3Rater 2 & 3
TestKSE95% CIPKSE95% CIPKSE95% CIP
VPT0.780.90.59 to 0.96< 0.010.590.130.33 to 0.84< 0.010.480.140.21 to 0.75< 0.01
Monofilament [4]0.550.120.31 to 0.78< 0.010.570.120.33 to 0.80< 0.010.720.100.53 to 0.91< 0.01
Monofilament [10]0.570.140.30 to0.84< 0.010.500.140.18 to 0.82< 0.010.570.160.17 to 0.83< 0.01
Inter-rater reliability between 3 raters (n = 50)
TestКSE95% CIP 
VPT0.610.080.45 to 0.77< 0.01 
Monofilament [4]0.610.080.45 to 0.770.01 
Monofilament [10]0.540.080.38 to 0.700.02 
Inter-rater reliability for tuning fork between 2 raters (n = 24)
 T1 & T2 (K)SE95% CIP 
Conventional (on/off)0.630.170.30 to 0.96< 0.01 
Conventional (dampened)0.660.150.37 to 0.95< 0.01 
Graduated0.680.140.41 to 0.95< 0.01 
  1. VPT vibration perception threshold