Table 1 Protozoan parasites in which apoptotic mimicry was described as important for disease establishment and development

From: Apoptotic mimicry as a strategy for the establishment of parasitic infections: parasite- and host-derived phosphatidylserine as key molecule

  Protozoan parasites
Leishmania spp Plasmodium spp Toxoplasma gondii Trypanosoma cruzi Entamoeba histolytica
Classical apoptotic mimicry PS exposure on amastigotes and promastigotes [5, 37, 44, 45] PS exposure on tachyzoites [51, 53] PS exposure on trypomastigotes [49]
Non-classical apoptotic mimicry PS-exposing neutrophils acting as Trojan horses [105, 106] PS exposure on infected RBC leading to disease development [75, 76, 84] Apoptotic T cells modulating host macrophages [99] Phagocytosis of PS-exposing apoptotic host cells [89,90,91, 93,94,95,96,97]