Table 3 Prevalence and reasons of unmet healthcare needs

From: Does universal health insurance coverage reduce unmet healthcare needs in China? Evidence from the National Health Service Survey

  total urban rural P值
Non-use of outpatient services 8.99%(2252) 11.63%(1276) 6.93%(976) 0.000
 2008 3.00% 2.15% 3.26%  
 2013 28.35% 26.43% 17.62%  
 2018 0.36% 0.20% 0.51%  
Reasons for not seeking outpatient services     0.000
 Illness is not serious 11.68% 7.94% 16.56%  
 Financial difficulties 2.76% 0.79% 5.35%  
 The procedure of seeing a doctor is complex 0.40% 0.39% 0.41%  
 Having no time 0.76% 0.16% 1.34%  
 Transportation problems 0.09% 0.08% 0.10%  
 No effective treatment 2.41% 0.55% 44.84%  
 Other 82.00% 90.09% 71.40%  
Non-use of inpatient services 1.37%(343) 1.10%(121) 1.58%(222) 0.001
 2008 1.20% 1.15% 1.22%  
 2013 1.05% 0.88% 1.23%  
 2018 1.77% 1.31% 2.23%  
Reasons for not seeking inpatient services     0.000
 It is unnecessary 27.38% 39.17% 21.15%  
 No effective treatment 4.32% 5.00% 3.96%  
 Financial difficulties 35.73% 25.00% 41.41%  
 Poor service of hospital 0.86% 1.67% 0.44%  
 Having no time 15.56% 5.83% 20.70%  
 There is no bed available 2.59% 5.83% 0.88%  
 Other 13.54% 17.50% 11.45%  
Non-use of physical examination 53.37%(13,369) 43.69%(4794) 60.92%(8575) 0.000
 2008 71.87% 51.11% 78.18%  
 2013 47.59% 44.14% 51.13%  
 2018 47.51% 44.14% 53.85%  
Early discharge from hospital 13.16%(268) 8.43%(85) 17.80%(183) 0.000
 2008 22.01% 12.79% 26.59%  
 2013 17.65% 10.88% 24.86%  
 2018 7.84% 6.06% 9.78%  
Reasons for Early discharge from hospital     0.000
 Cannot recover from illness 10.19% 13.25% 8.79%  
 Think oneself recovered 27.92% 39.76% 22.53%  
 Financial difficulties 20.00% 9.64% 24.73%  
 Cost too much 12.45% 9.64% 13.74%  
 Poor hospital facilities 1.51% 0.00% 2.20%  
 Poor medical technology at the hospital 3.02% 3.61% 2.75%  
 Other 24.91% 24.10% 25.27%