Fig. 4 | BMC Medicine

Fig. 4

From: The importance of supplementary immunisation activities to prevent measles outbreaks during the COVID-19 pandemic in Kenya

Fig. 4

Probability of a single infectious person seeding a large outbreak before (none) and after implementing a SIA in children 9 months to 5 years old (U5) and in 9 months to 15 years old (U15) at different timepoints post-lockdown (normal transmission) and during lockdown (50% transmission reduction). Outbreak probability was calculated by comparing the proportion immune with the herd immunity threshold. The shaded area is the median estimate of the outbreak risk and the error bars indicate the uncertainty in outbreak risk quantified as the 95% quantiles of the bootstrap analysis. In all the scenarios, i.e. a. No reduction, b. 15% reduction, c. 50% reduction, and d. 100% reduction, the risk of a large measles outbreak would be largely mitigated through delivery of a SIA among children < 5 years old or < 15 years old

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