Table 4 Association between the numbers of HHR (Nurses) per 10,000 people among districts of Pakistan from 2012 to 2016

From: Income-related inequality in distribution of health human resource among districts of Pakistan

Variable Nurses 2012 Nurses 2013 Nurses 2014 Nurses 2015 Nurses 2016
dy/dx Std. Err dy/dx Std. Err dy/dx Std. Err dy/dx Std. Err dy/dx Std. Err
Province Baluchistan Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
Province KPK − 354.09** 169.43 − 320.92* 180.32 − 277.43 182.04 − 251.77 188.02 − 175.90 154.17
Province Sindh − 329.31** 170.96 − 362.01** 184.11 − 294.21 181.18 − 299.08 194.53 − 189.34 169.25
Province Punjab 597.04*** 161.02 898.31*** 142.84 926.34*** 139.24 926.79*** 140.04 1028.45*** 140.77
Num of Hospitals per District 11.11 9.87 5.76 10.32 −0.313 8.45 − 0.018 9.74 −5.44 9.63
Number of Beds per District 0.23*** 0.08 0.36*** 0.08 0.35*** 0.08 0.34*** 0.07 0.38*** 0.07
Num of Disp per District −2.85 2.21 0.47 2.52 1.21 2.41 −1.27 1.93 −0.65 1.66
Beds in Disp per District 5.46 3.41 3.51 3.87 6.46 3.99 5.76 3.62 3.58 3.54
Infant Mortality Rate −1.93 1.93 −4.31* 2.17 −3.43 2.20 −2.31 2.22 −0.68 1.27
Geographical Area 0.03 0.06 0.04 0.06 0.04 0.06 0.04 0.07 0.02 0.07
Population Size −0.02** 0.01 −0.02 0.02 −0.01 0.02 0.03** 0.01 0.03* 0.01
Urbanization −3.09 3.79 −2.01 4.02 −1.95 3.92 −0.57 4.05 −0.66 4.05
TEGNI per capita (11–12 to 15–16) 15.25*** 4.55 10.98 8.54 9.02 8.30 −2.85 1.79 −2.16 1.80
  1. The Symbol of “*” is defined by a P value < 0.05; the Symbol of “**” is defined by a P value < 0.01; the Symbol of “***” is defined by a P value < 0.001