Table 7 Costs, cost difference, and net monetary benefit for different input parameters, 18 year time horizon

From: Cost burden and net monetary benefit loss of neonatal hypoglycaemia

Utility Source and Method Cost method Discount Rate Prevalence Source Cost, NZ$, Hospital and Post-Discharge Utility, QALYs Net Monetary Benefit Loss, NZ$
     Neonatal Hypoglycaemia No Neonatal Hypoglycaemia Difference Neonatal Hypoglycaemia No Neonatal Hypoglycaemia λ  = $43 k λ = $14 k
Kwon et al., minimum value Outcome with greatest cost 3.5% Mean, all outcomes $39,431.82 $3590.91 $35,840.91 10.48 11.78 $92,149.00 $54,610.28
Kwon et al., minimum value Sum of all outcomes 3.5% Mean, all outcomes $39,241.22 $3572.01 $35,669.20 10.48 11.78 $91,978.93 $54,438.77
Kwon et al., product of values Outcome with greatest cost 3.5% Mean, all outcomes $39,281.48 $3581.04 $35,700.45 10.45 11.78 $93,319.29 $54,905.74
Petrou et al., minimum value Outcome with greatest cost 3.5% Mean, all outcomes $39,552.32 $3599.79 $35,952.54 10.89 12.43 $102,809.90 $58,237.90
Carrol et al., TTO, minimum value Outcome with greatest cost 3.5% Mean, all outcomes $39,389.59 $3586.38 $35,803.21 12.38 13.51 $84,831.79 $52,145.75
Carrol et al., SG, minimum value Outcome with greatest cost 3.5% Mean, all outcomes $39,250.22 $3596.91 $35,653.32 12.37 13.51 $84,792.87 $52,033.33
Kwon et al., minimum value Outcome with greatest cost 0.0% Mean, all outcomes $49,365.56 $4368.33 $44,997.22 13.82 15.53 $119,268.94 $69,753.46
Kwon et al., minimum value Outcome with greatest cost 5.0% Mean, all outcomes $36,101.08 $3333.21 $32,767.87 9.42 10.59 $83,435.22 $49,656.72
Kwon et al., minimum value Outcome with greatest cost 3.5% Minimum, all outcomes $19,072.44 $3606.86 $15,465.57 11.48 11.78 $28,324.82 $19,752.29
Kwon et al., minimum value Outcome with greatest cost 3.5% Mean, with vision disorders and epilepsy values equal to population without hypoglycaemia $40,166.02 $3597.08 $36,568.94 10.44 11.78 $94,489.58 $55,875.70
  1. Abbreviations: QALY quality-adjusted life year, λ willingness-to-pay, SG standard gamble, TTO time trade-off
  2. To convert NZ$ to US$ multiply by 0.6938